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Welfare maximizing operational monetary and tax policy rules

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  • Robert Kollmann

Abstract

This paper computes welfare-maximizing monetary and tax policy feedback rules in a calibrated dynamic general equilibrium model with sticky prices. The government makes exogenous final good purchases, levies a proportional income tax, and issues nominal one-period bonds. A quadratic approximation method is used to solve the model and to compute household welfare. Optimized policy has a strong anti-inflation stance and implies persistent fluctuations of the tax rate and of public debt. Very simple optimized policy rules, under which the interest rate just responds to inflation and the tax rate just responds to public debt, yield a welfare level very close to that generated by richer rules. © 2008 Cambridge University Press.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by ULB -- Universite Libre de Bruxelles in its series ULB Institutional Repository with number 2013/7620.

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Date of creation: Apr 2008
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Publication status: Published in: Macroeconomic Dynamics (2008) v.12 n° S1,p.112-125
Handle: RePEc:ulb:ulbeco:2013/7620

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Keywords: Fiscal policy; Monetary policy; Welfare;

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References

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  1. Schmitt-Grohe, Stephanie & Uribe, Martin, 2004. "Solving dynamic general equilibrium models using a second-order approximation to the policy function," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 28(4), pages 755-775, January.
  2. Julio Rotemberg & Michael Woodford, 1997. "An Optimization-Based Econometric Framework for the Evaluation of Monetary Policy," NBER Chapters, in: NBER Macroeconomics Annual 1997, Volume 12, pages 297-361 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  3. V. V. Chari & Lawrence J. Christiano & Patrick J. Kehoe, 1991. "Optimal fiscal and monetary policy: some recent results," Staff Report 147, Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis.
  4. McCallum, Bennett T., 1999. "Issues in the design of monetary policy rules," Handbook of Macroeconomics, in: J. B. Taylor & M. Woodford (ed.), Handbook of Macroeconomics, edition 1, volume 1, chapter 23, pages 1483-1530 Elsevier.
  5. Prescott, Edward C., 1986. "Theory ahead of business-cycle measurement," Carnegie-Rochester Conference Series on Public Policy, Elsevier, vol. 25(1), pages 11-44, January.
  6. Albert Marcet & Thomas J. Sargent & Juha Seppala, 1996. "Optimal taxation without state-contingent debt," Economics Working Papers 170, Department of Economics and Business, Universitat Pompeu Fabra, revised Oct 2001.
  7. Calvo, Guillermo A., 1983. "Staggered prices in a utility-maximizing framework," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 12(3), pages 383-398, September.
  8. Robert Kollmann, 1998. "U.S. trade balance dynamics: the role of fiscal policy and productivity shocks and of financial market linkages," ULB Institutional Repository 2013/7634, ULB -- Universite Libre de Bruxelles.
  9. Woodford, Michael, 1990. "Public Debt as Private Liquidity," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 80(2), pages 382-88, May.
  10. Christopher J. Erceg & Dale W. Henderson & Andrew T. Levin, 1999. "Optimal monetary policy with staggered wage and price contracts," International Finance Discussion Papers 640, Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (U.S.).
  11. Bernheim, B Douglas, 1991. "Optimal Fiscal and Monetary Policy: Some Recent Results," Journal of Money, Credit and Banking, Blackwell Publishing, vol. 23(3), pages 540-42, August.
  12. Siu, Henry E., 2004. "Optimal fiscal and monetary policy with sticky prices," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 51(3), pages 575-607, April.
  13. Stephanie Schmitt-Grohe & Martin Uribe, 2001. "Optimal Fiscal and Monetary Policy Under Sticky Prices," Departmental Working Papers 200105, Rutgers University, Department of Economics.
  14. Robert Kollmann, 2002. "Monetary policy rules in the open economy: effects of welfare and business cycles," ULB Institutional Repository 2013/7628, ULB -- Universite Libre de Bruxelles.
  15. Robert Kollmann, 2004. "Welfare effects of a monetary union: the role of trade openness," ULB Institutional Repository 2013/7626, ULB -- Universite Libre de Bruxelles.
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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Kitano, Shigeto & Takaku, Kenya, 2013. "An optimal government spending reversal rule in a small open economy," International Review of Economics & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 27(C), pages 374-382.
  2. Konstantinos Angelopoulos & George Economides & Apostolis Philippopoulos, 2010. "What is the Best Environmental Policy? Taxes, Permits and Rules under Economic and Environmental Uncertainty," CESifo Working Paper Series 2980, CESifo Group Munich.
  3. Guay C. Lim & Paul D. McNelis, 2005. "Real Exchange Rate and Current Account Dynamics with Sticky Prices and Distortionary Taxes," DNB Working Papers 056, Netherlands Central Bank, Research Department.
  4. Moldovan, Ioana R., 2010. "Countercyclical taxes in a monopolistically competitive environment," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 54(5), pages 692-717, July.
  5. Anand, Rahul & Prasad, Eswar, 2010. "Optimal Price Indices for Targeting Inflation under Incomplete Markets," IZA Discussion Papers 5137, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  6. Faia, Ester, 2007. "Ramsey monetary policy with labour market frictions," Working Paper Series 0707, European Central Bank.
  7. Ludger Linnemann & Andreas Schabert, 2004. "Debt Non-Neutrality, Policy Interactions, and Macroeconomic Stability," Working Paper Series in Economics 12, University of Cologne, Department of Economics.
  8. Bi, Huixin & Kumhof, Michael, 2011. "Jointly optimal monetary and fiscal policy rules under liquidity constraints," Journal of Macroeconomics, Elsevier, vol. 33(3), pages 373-389, September.
  9. Beatriz de Blas, 2005. "Performance of Interest Rate Rules under Credit Market Imperfections," Faculty Working Papers 16/05, School of Economics and Business Administration, University of Navarra.
  10. Marcela Meirelles-Aurelio, 2005. "The performance of monetary and fiscal rules in an open economy with imperfect capital mobility," Research Working Paper RWP 05-01, Federal Reserve Bank of Kansas City.
  11. Ludger Linnemann & Andreas Schabert, 2005. "Debt Non-Neutrality, Policy Interactions, and Macroeconomic Stability," Tinbergen Institute Discussion Papers 05-077/2, Tinbergen Institute.
  12. Kollmann, Robert & Kim, Jinill & Kim, Sunghyun H., 2011. "Solving the multi-country Real Business Cycle model using a perturbation method," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 35(2), pages 203-206, February.

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