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Capital Controls with International Reserve Accumulation: Can this Be Optimal?

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  • Bacchetta, P.
  • Benhima, K.
  • Kalantzis, Y.

Abstract

Motivated by the Chinese experience, we analyze a semi-open economy where the central bank has access to international capital markets, but the private sector has not. This enables the central bank to choose an interest rate different from the international rate. We examine the optimal policy of the central bank by modelling it as a Ramsey planner who can choose the level of domestic public debt and of international reserves. The central bank can improve the saving opportunities of credit-constrained consumers modelled as in Woodford (1990). We find that in a steady state it is optimal for the central bank to replicate the open economy, i.e., to issue debt financed by the accumulation of reserves so that the domestic interest rate equals the foreign rate. When the economy is in transition, however, a rapidly growing economy has a higher welfare without capital mobility and the optimal interest rate differs from the international rate. In the chinese context, we argue that the domestic interest rate should be temporarily above the international rate, which means that the central bank should accumulate more foreign assets than in an open economy.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Banque de France in its series Working papers with number 406.

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Length: 52 pages
Date of creation: 2012
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:bfr:banfra:406

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Keywords: capital controls and international reserves.;

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References

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Citations

Blog mentions

As found by EconAcademics.org, the blog aggregator for Economics research:
  1. Are the Chinese capital controls optimal?
    by Economic Logician in Economic Logic on 2012-04-30 14:34:00
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Cited by:
  1. Bacchetta, Philippe & Benhima, Kenza & Kalantzis, Yannick, 2012. "Capital Controls with International Reserve Accumulation: Can this Be Optimal?," CEPR Discussion Papers 8753, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  2. Pierre-Olivier Gourinchas & Hélène Rey, 2013. "External Adjustment, Global Imbalances and Valuation Effects," NBER Working Papers 19240, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  3. Gianluca Benigno & Luca Fornaro, 2014. "The Financial Resource Curse," Scandinavian Journal of Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 116(1), pages 58-86, 01.
  4. Bussière, Matthieu & Kalantzis, Yannick & Lafarguette, Romain & Sicular, Terry, 2013. "Understanding household savings in China: the role of the housing market and borrowing constraints," MPRA Paper 44611, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  5. Matthieu Bussière & Jean Imbs & Robert Kollmann & Romain Rancière, 2013. "The Financial Crisis: Lessons for International Macroeconomics," American Economic Journal: Macroeconomics, American Economic Association, vol. 5(3), pages 75-84, July.
  6. Gianluca Benigno & Luca Fornaro, 2012. "Reserve Accumulation, Growth and Financial Crises," CEP Discussion Papers dp1161, Centre for Economic Performance, LSE.
  7. Philippe Bacchetta & Kenza Benhima & Yannick Kalantzis, 2014. "Optimal Exchange Rate Policy in a Growing Semi-Open Economy," IMF Economic Review, Palgrave Macmillan, vol. 62(1), pages 48-76, April.
  8. Kalantzis, Y. & Zignago, S. & To wbin, P., 2014. "Ajustement international et rééquilibrage de la demande mondiale : où en sommes-nous ?," Bulletin de la Banque de France, Banque de France, issue 195, pages 21-34.
  9. Cheng, Gong, 2011. "A Growth Perspective on Foreign Reserve Accumulation," MPRA Paper 46668, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 01 Mar 2013.
  10. Bonatti, Luigi & Fracasso, Andrea, 2014. "Modeling the Transition Towards Renminbi's Full Convertibility: Implications for China’s Growth," MPRA Paper 54129, University Library of Munich, Germany.

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