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Optimal Exchange Rate Policy in a Growing Semi-Open Economy

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  • Bacchetta, P.
  • Benhima, K.
  • Kalantzis, Y.

Abstract

In this paper, we consider an alternative perspective to China's exchange rate policy. We study a semi-open economy where the private sector has no access to international capital markets but the central bank has full access. Moreover, we assume limited financial development generating a large demand for saving instruments by the private sector. We analyze the optimal exchange rate policy by modeling the central bank as a Ramsey planner. Our main result is that in a growth acceleration episode it is optimal to have an initial real depreciation of the currency combined with an accumulation of reserves, which is consistent with the Chinese experience. This depreciation is followed by an appreciation in the long run. We also show that the optimal exchange rate path is close to the one that would result in an economy with full capital mobility and no central bank intervention.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Banque de France in its series Working papers with number 452.

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Length: 53 pages
Date of creation: 2013
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:bfr:banfra:452

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Keywords: China; exchange rate policy and international reserves.;

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  1. Olivier Jeanne, 2012. "Capital Account Policies and the Real Exchange Rate," NBER Chapters, in: NBER International Seminar on Macroeconomics 2012, pages 7-42 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  2. Caballero, Ricardo J. & Farhi, Emmanuel & Gourinchas, Pierre-Olivier, 2008. "An Equilibrium Model of "Global Imbalances" and Low Interest Rates," Scholarly Articles 3229094, Harvard University Department of Economics.
  3. Aghion, Philippe & Bacchetta, Philippe & Rancière, Romain & Rogoff, Kenneth, 2009. "Exchange rate volatility and productivity growth: The role of financial development," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 56(4), pages 494-513, May.
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  7. Benigno, Gianluca & Chen, Huigang & Otrok, Christopher & Rebucci, Alessandro & Young, Eric R, 2011. "Financial Crisis and Macro-Prudential Policies," CEPR Discussion Papers 8175, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  8. Bacchetta, Philippe & Benhima, Kenza & Kalantzis, Yannick, 2012. "Capital Controls with International Reserve Accumulation: Can this Be Optimal?," Working Papers 2012-009, Banco Central de Reserva del Perú.
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Blog mentions

As found by EconAcademics.org, the blog aggregator for Economics research:
  1. China is doing is right with managing its exchange rate
    by Economic Logician in Economic Logic on 2013-11-11 17:24:00
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Cited by:
  1. Yannick Kalantzis & Kenza Benhima & Philippe Bacchetta, 2012. "Capital Controls with International Reserve Accumulation: Can this Be Optimal?," 2012 Meeting Papers 448, Society for Economic Dynamics.
  2. Rick Van der Ploeg, 2013. "Guidelines for Exploiting Natural Resource Wealth," Economics Series Working Papers OxCarre Research Paper 12, University of Oxford, Department of Economics.

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