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Mercado de trabajo de Colombia: suma de partes heterogéneas

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  • Luis Eduardo Arango Thomas

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Abstract

Se encuentran diferencias importantes entre ciudades en variables del mercado de trabajo de Colombia como las tasas de participación, ocupación, desempleo y salarios. Se construyen rangos para estas variables como la diferencia entre el valor más alto correspondiente a una ciudad y el valor más bajo correspondiente a otra ciudad. Los rangos de variación promedio desde 2001 hasta 2011 o desde 2006 hasta 2011 en cada una de estas variables son superiores a los 13 puntos porcentuales. Dichos rangos son sensibles al aumento de las tasas de participación y ocupación. Este hecho, en el caso de la tasa de desempleo, ha sido documentado para otros países. Sin embargo, en Colombia, contrario a lo que se presenta a nivel internacional, cuando la tasa de desempleo aumenta no se observa una respuesta sistemática del rango de esta variable. En los países analizados los rangos de las tasas de desempleo crecen al aumentar la tasa de desempleo.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Banco de la Republica de Colombia in its series Borradores de Economia with number 671.

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Handle: RePEc:bdr:borrec:671

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Keywords: Participación laboral; ocupación; desempleo; diferencias geográficas; rango; persistencia. Classification JEL: J21; J22; J31; J82.;

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References

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  1. Laurence Ball & Nicolás De Roux & Marc Hofstetter, 2011. "Unemployment in Latin America and the Caribbean," DOCUMENTOS CEDE 008917, UNIVERSIDAD DE LOS ANDES-CEDE.
  2. Layard, Richard & Nickell, Stephen & Jackman, Richard, 1991. "Unemployment: Macroeconomic Performance and the Labour Market," OUP Catalogue, Oxford University Press, number 9780198284345, September.
  3. James J. Heckman & Carmen Pagés, 2004. "Introduction to "Law and Employment: Lessons from Latin American and the Caribbean"," NBER Chapters, in: Law and Employment: Lessons from Latin America and the Caribbean, pages 1-108 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  4. José R. Gamarra V., 2005. "¿Se comportan igual las tasas de desempleo de las siete principales ciudades colombianas?," DOCUMENTOS DE TRABAJO SOBRE ECONOMÍA REGIONAL 003831, BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA - ECONOMÍA REGIONAL.
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  7. Juan D. Barón, 2011. "Sensibilidad de la oferta de migrantes internos a las condiciones del mercado laboral en las principales ciudades de Colombia," DOCUMENTOS DE TRABAJO SOBRE ECONOMÍA REGIONAL 008831, BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA - ECONOMÍA REGIONAL.
  8. Luis Armando Galvis, 2010. "Diferenciales salariales por género y región en Colombia: una aproximación con regresión por cuantiles," REVISTA DE ECONOMÍA DEL ROSARIO, UNIVERSIDAD DEL ROSARIO.
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  10. Richard Rogerson, 2004. "Two Views on the Deterioration of European Labor Market Outcomes," Journal of the European Economic Association, MIT Press, vol. 2(2-3), pages 447-455, 04/05.
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Cited by:
  1. Gustavo A. Garcia, 2014. "Labor Informality: Choice or Sign of Segmentation? A Quantile Regression Approach at the Regional Lvel for Colombia," ARCHIVOS DE ECONOMÍA 011213, DEPARTAMENTO NACIONAL DE PLANEACIÓN.
  2. Camilo Alberto Cárdenas Hurtado & María Alejandra Hernández Montes & Jhon Edwar Torres Gorron, 2014. "An Exploratory Analysis of Heterogeneity on Regional Labour Markets and Unemployment Rates in Colombia: An MFACT approach," Borradores de Economia 802, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
  3. Mejía Cubillos, Javier, 2013. "Perfil económico del Eje Cafetero. Un análisis con miras a la competitividad territorial
    [Economic profile of Eje Cafetero. An analysis towards territorial competitiveness]
    ," MPRA Paper 43873, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  4. César Augusto MERCHÁN HERNÁNDEZ, 2014. "Desempleo y ocupación en las ciudades colombianas. Un ejercicio con datos panel," ARCHIVOS DE ECONOMÍA 011212, DEPARTAMENTO NACIONAL DE PLANEACIÓN.

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