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Unemployment in Latin America and the Caribbean

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  • Laurence Ball
  • Nicol�s De Roux
  • Marc Hofstetter

Abstract

This study constructs a new data set on unemployment rates in Latin America and the Caribbean and then explores the determinants of unemployment. We compare different countries, finding that unemployment is influenced by the size of the rural population and that the effects of government regulations are generally weak. We also examine large, persistent increases in unemployment over time, finding that they are caused by contractions in aggregate demand. These demand contractions result from either disinflationary monetary policy or the defense of an exchange-rate peg in the face of capital flight. Our evidence supports hysteresis theories in which short-run changes in unemployment influence the natural rate.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by The Johns Hopkins University,Department of Economics in its series Economics Working Paper Archive with number 582.

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Date of creation: Jul 2011
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Handle: RePEc:jhu:papers:582

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  1. Simeon Djankov & Tim Ganser & Caralee McLiesh & Rita Ramalho & Andrei Shleifer, 2010. "The Effect of Corporate Taxes on Investment and Entrepreneurship," American Economic Journal: Macroeconomics, American Economic Association, vol. 2(3), pages 31-64, July.
  2. Laurence M. Ball, 2010. "The Performance of Alternative Monetary Regimes," NBER Working Papers 16124, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  3. Stephen Nickell, 1997. "Unemployment and Labor Market Rigidities: Europe versus North America," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, vol. 11(3), pages 55-74, Summer.
  4. Jeff Fuhrer & Jane Sneddon Little & Yolanda K. Kodrzycki & Giovanni P. Olivei (ed.), 2009. "Understanding Inflation and the Implications for Monetary Policy: A Phillips Curve Retrospective," MIT Press Books, The MIT Press, edition 1, volume 1, number 0262013630, December.
  5. Laurence Ball & N. Gregory Mankiw, 2002. "The NAIRU in Theory and Practice," NBER Working Papers 8940, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  6. Olivier Blanchard & Justin Wolfers, 1999. "The Role of Shocks and Institutions in the Rise of European Unemployment: The Aggregate Evidence," NBER Working Papers 7282, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  7. Harris, John R & Todaro, Michael P, 1970. "Migration, Unemployment & Development: A Two-Sector Analysis," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 60(1), pages 126-42, March.
  8. Horst Siebert, 1997. "Labor Market Rigidities: At the Root of Unemployment in Europe," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, vol. 11(3), pages 37-54, Summer.
  9. Bernal Raquel, 2009. "The Informal Labor Market in Colombia: identification and characterization," REVISTA DESARROLLO Y SOCIEDAD, UNIVERSIDAD DE LOS ANDES-CEDE.
  10. Douglas Staiger & James H. Stock & Mark W. Watson, 1997. "The NAIRU, Unemployment and Monetary Policy," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, vol. 11(1), pages 33-49, Winter.
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Cited by:
  1. Craigwell, Roland & Mathouraparsad, Sebastien & Maurin, Alain, 2011. "Unemployment hysteresis in the English-speaking Caribbean: evidence from non-linear models," MPRA Paper 33440, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  2. Carlos Medina & Jairo Nunez & Jorge Andres Tamayo, 2013. "The Unemployment Subsidy Program in Colombia: An Assessment," Research Department Publications IDB-WP-369, Inter-American Development Bank, Research Department.
  3. Marcela Eslava & Arturo Galindo & Marc Hofstetter & Alejandro Izquierdo, 2010. "Scarring Recessions and Credit Constraints: Evidence from Colombian Firm Dynamics," DOCUMENTOS CEDE 007711, UNIVERSIDAD DE LOS ANDES-CEDE.
  4. César Augusto MERCHÁN HERNÁNDEZ, 2014. "Desempleo y ocupación en las ciudades colombianas. Un ejercicio con datos panel," ARCHIVOS DE ECONOMÍA 011212, DEPARTAMENTO NACIONAL DE PLANEACIÓN.
  5. Luis Eduardo Arango Thomas, . "Mercado de trabajo de Colombia: suma de partes heterogéneas," Borradores de Economia 671, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
  6. Seguino, Stephanie & Braunstein, Elissa, 2012. "The impact of economic policy and structural change on gender employment inequality in Latin America, 1990-2010," MPRA Paper 43261, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  7. Nicolás De Roux & Marc Hofstetter, 2012. "Sacrifice Ratios and Inflation Targeting: The Role of Credibility," DOCUMENTOS CEDE 009325, UNIVERSIDAD DE LOS ANDES-CEDE.
  8. Andrés Álvarez & Marc Hofstetter, 2013. "Job Vacancies in Colombia: 1976-2012," Borradores de Economia 797, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
  9. Nicolás de Roux & Marc Hofstetter, 2011. "On the Endogeneity of Inflation Targeting: Preferences Over Inflation," DOCUMENTOS CEDE 008731, UNIVERSIDAD DE LOS ANDES-CEDE.

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