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¿Por qué ha crecido tanto la cantidad de dinero?: teoría y evidencia internacional (1975-2002)§

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  • Mauricio A. Hernández

    ()

  • Munir Jalil Barney

    ()

  • Carlos Esteban Posada

    ()

Abstract

os rasgos característicos de muchas economías desarrolladas y en desarrollo de los últimos dos decenios han sido la gran expansión de sus agregados monetarios, por encima del aumento de su ingreso nominal, y la reducción de sus tasas de inflación. Suponiendo que la conjunción de ambos rasgos indica aumentos significativos de la demanda de saldos reales de dinero, en este documento se reporta un intento de estimación de la demanda de saldos reales de moneda doméstica mediante un ejercicio realizado bajo el método denominado mínimos cuadrados ordinarios dinámicos en panel para una muestra de 63 países a lo largo del período 1975- 2002. De acuerdo con los resultados, los aumentos del gasto en consumo privado, la caída de los diferenciales de inflación con respecto a Estados Unidos y la reducción de la tasa de interés en Estados Unidos (tasa a tres meses sobre Treasure bills) contribuyeron a aumentar la demanda de dinero doméstico en el período mencionado.

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Paper provided by Banco de la Republica de Colombia in its series Borradores de Economia with number 402.

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Handle: RePEc:bdr:borrec:402

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Keywords: demanda de dinero; consumo; tasa de interés; inflación; panel; cointegración; mínimos cuadrados ordinarios dinámicos.;

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  1. Sanja Kalra, 1998. "Inflation and Money Demand in Albania," IMF Working Papers 98/101, International Monetary Fund.
  2. Peter Pedroni, 2000. "Fully Modified OLS for Heterogeneous Cointegrated Panels," Department of Economics Working Papers 2000-03, Department of Economics, Williams College.
  3. Bahmani-Oskooee, Mohsen, 1996. "The black market exchange rate and demand for money in Iran," Journal of Macroeconomics, Elsevier, vol. 18(1), pages 171-176.
  4. Mankiw, N Gregory & Summers, Lawrence H, 1986. "Money Demand and the Effects of Fiscal Policies," Journal of Money, Credit and Banking, Blackwell Publishing, vol. 18(4), pages 415-29, November.
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  7. Donald H. Dutkowsky & H. Sonmez Atesoglu, 2001. "The Demand For Money: A Structural Econometric Investigation," Southern Economic Journal, Southern Economic Association, vol. 68(1), pages 92-106, July.
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  10. Luis Eduardo Arango & Andrés González, 2000. "A Nonlinear Specification of Demand for Cash in Colombia," Money Affairs, Centro de Estudios Monetarios Latinoamericanos, vol. 0(2), pages 207-226, July-Dece.
  11. Martha Misas A. & Hugo Oliveros C. & José Darío Uribe, 1994. "Especificación Y Estabilidad De La Demanda Por Dinero En Colombia," BORRADORES DE ECONOMIA 002588, BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA.
  12. Peter Pedroni, 2001. "Purchasing Power Parity Tests in Cointegrated Panels," Department of Economics Working Papers 2001-01, Department of Economics, Williams College.
  13. Champ,Bruce & Freeman,Scott & Haslag,Joseph, 2011. "Modeling Monetary Economies," Cambridge Books, Cambridge University Press, number 9781107003491, October.
  14. Fujiki, H., 1999. "Japanese money demand: evidence from regional monthly data1," Japan and the World Economy, Elsevier, vol. 11(3), pages 375-393, October.
  15. Nelson C. Mark & Donggyu Sul, 2003. "Cointegration Vector Estimation by Panel DOLS and Long-run Money Demand," Oxford Bulletin of Economics and Statistics, Department of Economics, University of Oxford, vol. 65(5), pages 655-680, December.
  16. Arize, A. C. & Malindretos, John & Grivoyannis, Elias C., 2005. "Inflation-rate volatility and money demand: Evidence from less developed countries," International Review of Economics & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 14(1), pages 57-80.
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