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Price setting in the euro area: some stylised facts from individual producer price data

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Author Info

  • Philip Vermeulen

    ()
    (European Central Bank)

  • Daniel Dias

    ()
    (Banco de Portugal)

  • Maarten Dossche

    ()
    (National Bank of Belgium)

  • Erwan Gautier

    ()
    (Banque de France)

  • Ignacio Hernando

    ()
    (Banco de España)

  • Roberto Sabbatini

    ()
    (Banca d’Italia)

  • Harald Stahl

    ()
    (Deutsche Bundesbank)

Abstract

This paper documents producer price setting in 6 countries of the euro area: Germany, France, Italy, Spain, Belgium and Portugal. It collects evidence from available studies on each of those countries and also provides new evidence. These studies use monthly producer price data. The following five stylised facts emerge consistently across countries. First, producer prices change infrequently: each month around 21% of prices change. Second, there is substantial cross-sector heterogeneity in the frequency of price changes: prices change very often in the energy sector, less often in food and intermediate goods and least often in non-durable non- food and durable goods. Third, countries have a similar ranking of industries in terms of frequency of price changes. Fourth, there is no evidence of downward nominal rigidity: price changes are for about 45% decreases and 55% increases. Fifth, price changes are sizeable compared to the inflation rate. The paper also examines the factors driving producer price changes. It finds that costs structure, competition, seasonality, inflation and attractive pricing all play a role in driving producer price changes. In addition producer prices tend to be more flexible than consumer prices.

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File URL: http://www.bde.es/f/webbde/SES/Secciones/Publicaciones/PublicacionesSeriadas/DocumentosTrabajo/07/Fic/dt0703e.pdf
File Function: First version, February 2007
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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Banco de Espa�a in its series Banco de Espa�a Working Papers with number 0703.

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Length: 52 pages
Date of creation: Feb 2007
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:bde:wpaper:0703

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Keywords: price-setting; producer prices;

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References

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  1. Josep M. Vilarrubia, 2006. "Neighborhood effects in economic growth," Banco de Espa�a Working Papers 0627, Banco de Espa�a.
  2. David Cornille & Maarten Dossche, 2006. "The patterns and determinants of price setting in the Belgian industry," Working Paper Research 82, National Bank of Belgium.
  3. Enrique Alberola & Rodrigo César Salvado, 2006. "Banks, remittances and financial deepening in receiving countries. A model," Banco de Espa�a Working Papers 0621, Banco de Espa�a.
  4. Hashem Pesaran & Davide Pettenuzzo & Allan Timmermann, 2006. "Learning, Structural Instability and Present Value Calculations," IEPR Working Papers 06.42, Institute of Economic Policy Research (IEPR).
  5. Vermeulen, Philip & Gautier, Erwan & Stahl, Harald & Dossche, Maarten & Sabbatini, Roberto & Dias, Daniel & Hernando, Ignacio, 2007. "Price setting in the euro area: some stylised facts from individual producer price data," Discussion Paper Series 1: Economic Studies 2007,03, Deutsche Bundesbank, Research Centre.
  6. Fung, K. C. & Garcia-Herrero, Alicia & Iizaka, Hitomi & Siu, Alan, 2005. "Hard or Soft? Institutional Reforms and Infrastructure Spending as Determinants of Foreign Direct Investment in China," Santa Cruz Center for International Economics, Working Paper Series qt9377h519, Center for International Economics, UC Santa Cruz.
  7. Fougere, Denis & Le Bihan, Herve & Sevestre, Patrick, 2007. "Heterogeneity in Consumer Price Stickiness: A Microeconometric Investigation," Journal of Business & Economic Statistics, American Statistical Association, vol. 25, pages 247-264, July.
  8. Luis J. Álvarez & Ignacio Hernando, 2006. "Competition and price adjustment in the euro area," Banco de Espa�a Working Papers 0629, Banco de Espa�a.
  9. Altavilla, Carlo & Ciccarelli, Matteo, 2007. "Inflation Forecasts, monetary policy and unemployment dynamics: evidence from the US and the euro area," Working Paper Series 0725, European Central Bank.
  10. Juan F. Jimeno & Esther Moral & Lorena Saiz, 2006. "Structural breaks in labor productivity growth: the United States vs. the European Union," Banco de Espa�a Working Papers 0625, Banco de Espa�a.
  11. Arturo Galindo & Alejandro Izquierdo & José M. Montero, 2006. "Real exchange rates, dollarization and industrial employment in Latin America," Banco de Espa�a Working Papers 0601, Banco de Espa�a.
  12. Dexter, Albert S. & Levi, Maurice D. & Nault, Barrie R., 2002. "Sticky prices: the impact of regulation," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 49(4), pages 797-821, May.
  13. Ricardo Gimeno & Juan M. Nave, 2006. "Genetic algorithm estimation of interest rate term structure," Banco de Espa�a Working Papers 0634, Banco de Espa�a.
  14. Rubén Segura-Cayuela, 2006. "Inefficient policies, inefficient institutions and trade," Banco de Espa�a Working Papers 0633, Banco de Espa�a.
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