Advanced Search
MyIDEAS: Login

GINI Country Report: Growing Inequalities and their Impacts in Spain

Contents:

Author Info

  • Ada Ferrer-i-carbonell

    ()
    (Campus U.A.B., Institut d'Anàlisi Econòmica, IAE(CSIC))

  • X. Ramos
  • M. Oviedo
Registered author(s):

    Abstract

    In contrast with many other European and OECD countries, Spain’s income inequality has decreased over the last 30 years. Nevertheless, Spain is still among the most unequal countries in the EU15, as it started from a fairly disadvantaged situation. Spain’s inequality indices are typically larger than those of countries such as Denmark, Norway, Finland, Sweden, Belgium, the Netherlands, France, and Germany and many East European countries. The overall picture is fairly clear: since 1985, and with the exception of two recession episodes, Spain has seen a pronounced income inequality reduction. During these two periods of economic downturn inequality increases, but this only partly offsets the previous reduction. Notwithstanding this, the current deep economic recession may change the picture for the coming years. An important source of this income inequality reduction has been earnings compression, partly due to falling upper secondary and tertiary education premium. In addition, Spanish changes in the tax system (increased progressivity and broader tax base) and the large increase in redistributive social expenditures (1980-1995) have also contributed to inequality reduction. Income maintenance (notably pensions and unemployment benefits) and health represent the largest share of social expenditures. Regional inequalities have also decreased over the years: although the convergence rate has not been constant, disparities have decreased over the period of interest. Nevertheless, some social inequalities, such as health, still have an important regional component.

    Download Info

    If you experience problems downloading a file, check if you have the proper application to view it first. In case of further problems read the IDEAS help page. Note that these files are not on the IDEAS site. Please be patient as the files may be large.
    File URL: http://www.uva-aias.net/uploaded_files/publications/Spain.pdf
    Download Restriction: no

    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by AIAS, Amsterdam Institute for Advanced Labour Studies in its series GINI Country Reports with number spain.

    as in new window
    Length:
    Date of creation: Apr 2013
    Date of revision:
    Handle: RePEc:aia:ginicr:spain

    Contact details of provider:
    Postal: Nieuwe Prinsengracht 130, 1018 VZ Amsterdam
    Phone: +31-20-5254199
    Fax: +31-20-5254301
    Email:
    Web page: http://www.uva-aias.net
    More information through EDIRC

    Related research

    Keywords:

    References

    References listed on IDEAS
    Please report citation or reference errors to , or , if you are the registered author of the cited work, log in to your RePEc Author Service profile, click on "citations" and make appropriate adjustments.:
    as in new window
    1. Andrea Ichino & Loukas Karabarbounis & Enrico Moretti, 2010. "The Political Economy of Intergenerational Income Mobility," NBER Working Papers 15946, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    2. Olympia Bover, 2010. "Wealth Inequality And Household Structure: U.S. Vs. Spain," Review of Income and Wealth, International Association for Research in Income and Wealth, vol. 56(2), pages 259-290, 06.
    3. Manuel A. Hidalgo, 2008. "Wage Inequality in Spain, 1980-2000," Working Papers 08.08, Universidad Pablo de Olavide, Department of Economics.
    4. Pedro Albarrán & Raquel Carrasco & Maite Martínez-Granado, 2007. "Inequality for Wage Earners and Self-Employed: Evidence from Panel Data," Banco de Espa�a Working Papers 0734, Banco de Espa�a.
    5. Olga Cantó & Coral del Río & Carlos Gradín, . "La Evolución De La Pobreza Estática Y Dinámica En España En El Periodo 1985.1995," Working Papers 24-02 Classification-JEL , Instituto de Estudios Fiscales.
    6. Angus Deaton, 2002. "Health, inequality, and economic development," Working Papers 270, Princeton University, Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs, Center for Health and Wellbeing..
    7. María Cervini Plá, 2009. "Measuring intergenerational earnings mobility in Spain: A selection-bias-free," Working Papers wpdea0904, Department of Applied Economics at Universitat Autonoma of Barcelona.
    8. Congregado, Emilio & Golpe, Antonio A. & van Stel, André, 2011. "Exploring the big jump in the Spanish unemployment rate: Evidence on an 'added-worker' effect," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 28(3), pages 1099-1105, May.
    9. Josep Pijoan-Mas & Virginia Sánchez-Marcos, 2009. "Spain Is Different: Falling Trends Of Inequeality," Working Papers wp2009_0910, CEMFI.
    10. Pedro Mira & Namkee Ahn, 2002. "A note on the changing relationship between fertility and female employment rates in developed countries," Journal of Population Economics, Springer, vol. 15(4), pages 667-682.
    11. Adriana Sánchez Hugalde, 2004. "Movilidad intergeneracional de ingresos y educativa en España (1980-90)," Working Papers 2004/1, Institut d'Economia de Barcelona (IEB).
    12. Cervini-Plá, María & Ramos, Xavi, 2008. "Long Term Earnings Inequality, Earnings Instability and Temporary Employment in Spain: 1993–2000," IZA Discussion Papers 3538, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
    13. Michele Raitano & Francesco Vona, 2010. "The Economic Impact of Upward and Downward Occupational Mobility: A Comparison of Eight EU Member States," Documents de Travail de l'OFCE 2010-29, Observatoire Francais des Conjonctures Economiques (OFCE).
    14. Angel de la Fuente, 2008. "Inversión en infraestructuras, crecimiento y convergencia regional," Economic Reports 20-08, FEDEA.
    15. Elena Bárcena Martín & Frank A. Cowell, 2006. "Static and Dynamic Poverty in Spain, 1993-2000," Hacienda Pública Española, IEF, vol. 179(4), pages 51-77, September.
    16. Schütz, Gabriela & Ursprung, Heinrich W. & Woessmann, Ludger, 2005. "Education Policy and Equality of Opportunity," IZA Discussion Papers 1906, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
    17. Blanco Perez, Cristina & Ramos, Xavi, 2008. "Polarisation and Health," IZA Discussion Papers 3727, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
    18. Emma M. Iglesias & J. Atilano Pena López & José Manuel Sánchez Sántos, 2013. "Evolution over time of the determinants of preferences for redistribution and the support for the welfare state," Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 45(30), pages 4260-4274, October.
    19. Pedro Mira & Namkee Ahn, 2001. "Job bust, baby bust?: Evidence from Spain," Journal of Population Economics, Springer, vol. 14(3), pages 505-521.
    20. Eddy van Doorslaer & Xander Koolman, 2004. "Explaining the differences in income-related health inequalities across European countries," Health Economics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 13(7), pages 609-628.
    21. Cowell, Frank A, 1980. "On the Structure of Additive Inequality Measures," Review of Economic Studies, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 47(3), pages 521-31, April.
    22. Catalina Amuedo-Dorantes, 2000. "Work transitions into and out of involuntary temporary employment in a segmented market: Evidence from Spain," Industrial and Labor Relations Review, ILR Review, Cornell University, ILR School, vol. 53(2), pages 309-325, January.
    23. Aitor Lacuesta & Mario Izquierdo, 2012. "The contribution of changes in employment composition and relative returns to the evolution of wage inequality: the case of Spain," Journal of Population Economics, Springer, vol. 25(2), pages 511-543, January.
    24. Raquel Carrasco & Juan F. Jimeno & A. Carolina Ortega, 2011. "Accounting for changes in the Spanish wage distribution: the role of employment Composition effects," Banco de Espa�a Working Papers 1120, Banco de Espa�a.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    Citations

    Lists

    This item is not listed on Wikipedia, on a reading list or among the top items on IDEAS.

    Statistics

    Access and download statistics

    Corrections

    When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:aia:ginicr:spain. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Wiemer Salverda).

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.

    If the full references list an item that is present in RePEc, but the system did not link to it, you can help with this form.

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.