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Inequality of Opportunity, Income Inequality and Economic Mobility: Some International Comparisons

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Author Info

  • Brunori, Paolo

    ()
    (University of Bari)

  • Ferreira, Francisco H. G.

    ()
    (World Bank)

  • Peragine, Vito

    ()
    (University of Bari)

Abstract

Despite a recent surge in the number of studies attempting to measure inequality of opportunity in various countries, methodological differences have so far prevented meaningful international comparisons. This paper presents a comparison of ex-ante measures of inequality of economic opportunity (IEO) across 41 countries, and of the Human Opportunity Index (HOI) for 39 countries. It also examines international correlations between these indices and output per capita, income inequality, and intergenerational mobility. The analysis finds evidence of a "Kuznets curve" for inequality of opportunity, and finds that the IEO index is positively correlated with overall income inequality, and negatively with measures of intergenerational mobility, both in incomes and in years of schooling. The HOI is highly correlated with the Human Development Index, and its internal measure of inequality of opportunity yields very different country rankings from the IEO measure.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA) in its series IZA Discussion Papers with number 7155.

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Length: 32 pages
Date of creation: Jan 2013
Date of revision:
Publication status: published in: Eva Paus (ed.), Getting Development Right, New York, NY: Palgrave Macmillan, 2013
Handle: RePEc:iza:izadps:dp7155

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Keywords: social mobility; income inequality; equality of opportunity; mobility;

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References

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  1. Rolf Aaberge & Magne Mogstad & Vito Peragine, 2010. "Measuring long-term inequality of opportunity," Working Papers 158, ECINEQ, Society for the Study of Economic Inequality.
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Blog mentions

As found by EconAcademics.org, the blog aggregator for Economics research:
  1. Inequality of Opportunity, Income Inequality and Economic Mobility: Some International Comparisons
    by maximorossi in NEP-LTV blog on 2013-02-27 12:58:22
  2. Inequality of Opportunity, Income Inequality and Economic Mobility: Some International Comparisons
    by maximorossi in NEP-LTV blog on 2013-03-25 23:18:48
Citations are extracted by the CitEc Project, subscribe to its RSS feed for this item.
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Cited by:
  1. Miles Corak, 2013. "Income Inequality, Equality of Opportunity, and Intergenerational Mobility," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, vol. 27(3), pages 79-102, Summer.
  2. Sean Higgins & Nora Lustig & Whitney Ruble & Timothy Smeeding, 2013. "Comparing the incidence of taxes and social spending in Brazil and the United States," Working Papers 316, ECINEQ, Society for the Study of Economic Inequality.
  3. Richard M. Bird & Eric M. Zolt, 2013. "Taxation and Inequality in the Americas: Changing the Fiscal Contract?," International Center for Public Policy Working Paper Series, at AYSPS, GSU paper1322, International Center for Public Policy, Andrew Young School of Policy Studies, Georgia State University.
  4. Osberg, Lars, 2013. "Instability implications of increasing inequality: Evidence from North America," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 35(C), pages 918-930.
  5. V. Peragine & F. Palmisano & P. Brunori, 2011. "Economic growth and equality of opportunity," series 0037, Dipartimento di Scienze Economiche e Metodi Matematici - Università di Bari, revised Oct 2011.
  6. Santiago Levy & Norbert Schady, 2013. "Latin America's Social Policy Challenge: Education, Social Insurance, Redistribution," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, vol. 27(2), pages 193-218, Spring.
  7. Florence Jusot & Sabine Mage & Marta Menendez, 2014. "Inequality of Opportunity in Health in Indonesia," Working Papers DT/2014/06, DIAL (Développement, Institutions et Mondialisation).
  8. Judith Niehues & Andreas Peichl, 2014. "Upper bounds of inequality of opportunity: theory and evidence for Germany and the US," Social Choice and Welfare, Springer, vol. 43(1), pages 73-99, June.

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