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Inequality of opportunity, income inequality and economic mobility : some international comparisons

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  • Brunori, Paolo
  • Ferreira, Francisco H. G.
  • Peragine, Vito

Abstract

Despite a recent surge in the number of studies attempting to measure inequality of opportunity in various countries, methodological differences have so far prevented meaningful international comparisons. This paper presents a comparison of ex-ante measures of inequality of economic opportunity (IEO) across 41 countries, and of the Human Opportunity Index (HOI) for 39 countries. It also examines international correlations between these indices and output per capita, income inequality, and intergenerational mobility. The analysis finds evidence of a"Kuznets curve"for inequality of opportunity, and finds that the IEO index is positively correlated with overall income inequality, and negatively with measures of intergenerational mobility, both in incomes and in years of schooling. The HOI is highly correlated with the Human Development Index, and its internal measure of inequality of opportunity yields very different country rankings from the IEO measure.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by The World Bank in its series Policy Research Working Paper Series with number 6304.

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Date of creation: 01 Jan 2013
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Handle: RePEc:wbk:wbrwps:6304

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Keywords: Inequality; Equity and Development; Poverty Impact Evaluation; Services&Transfers to Poor; Economic Theory&Research;

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References

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Blog mentions

As found by EconAcademics.org, the blog aggregator for Economics research:
  1. Inequality of Opportunity, Income Inequality and Economic Mobility: Some International Comparisons
    by maximorossi in NEP-LTV blog on 2013-02-27 12:58:22
  2. Inequality of Opportunity, Income Inequality and Economic Mobility: Some International Comparisons
    by maximorossi in NEP-LTV blog on 2013-03-25 23:18:48
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Cited by:
  1. Corak, Miles, 2013. "Income Inequality, Equality of Opportunity, and Intergenerational Mobility," IZA Discussion Papers 7520, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  2. Marisa Bucheli, 2014. "Fiscal Policy and Equality of Opportunity in Uruguay," Documentos de Trabajo (working papers) 0314, Department of Economics - dECON.
  3. Peragine, Vito & Palmisano, Flaviana & Brunori, Paolo, 2013. "Economic Growth and equality of opportunity," Policy Research Working Paper Series 6599, The World Bank.
  4. Sean Higgins & Nora Lustig & Whitney Ruble & Timothy Smeeding, 2013. "Comparing the Incidence of Taxes and Social Spending in Brazil and the United States," Working Papers, Tulane University, Department of Economics 1317, Tulane University, Department of Economics.
  5. Osberg, Lars, 2013. "Instability implications of increasing inequality: Evidence from North America," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 35(C), pages 918-930.
  6. Santiago Levy & Norbert Schady, 2013. "Latin America's Social Policy Challenge: Education, Social Insurance, Redistribution," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, vol. 27(2), pages 193-218, Spring.
  7. Judith Niehues & Andreas Peichl, 2014. "Upper bounds of inequality of opportunity: theory and evidence for Germany and the US," Social Choice and Welfare, Springer, vol. 43(1), pages 73-99, June.
  8. Florence Jusot & Sabine Mage & Marta Menendez, 2014. "Inequality of Opportunity in Health in Indonesia," Working Papers DT/2014/06, DIAL (Développement, Institutions et Mondialisation).
  9. Richard M. Bird & Eric M. Zolt, 2013. "Taxation and Inequality in the Americas: Changing the Fiscal Contract?," International Center for Public Policy Working Paper Series, at AYSPS, GSU, International Center for Public Policy, Andrew Young School of Policy Studies, Georgia State University paper1322, International Center for Public Policy, Andrew Young School of Policy Studies, Georgia State University.

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