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Social Versus Private Efficiency: A Comparison of Conventional and Organic Farming Systems in Vineyard Production

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  • Arandia, Amaia
  • Aldanondo-Ochoa, A.
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    Abstract

    Organic farming may be seen as an alternative approach to agriculture that tries to integrate environmental concerns in management practices. By means of DEA, in this work we calculate and compare the efficiency of two samples of conventional and organic vineyards, from two different perspectives: in the first instance, the relationship between inputs and outputs is considered, exclusively, that is, the private efficiency; in the second instance, social efficiency is calculated, and the environmental impacts arising from the activity are also included. The comparison of the results obtained in these two scenarios allows us to draw some conclusions on the efficiency of organic farming in dry-farming conditions.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by European Association of Agricultural Economists in its series 2008 International Congress, August 26-29, 2008, Ghent, Belgium with number 44416.

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    Date of creation: 2008
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    Handle: RePEc:ags:eaae08:44416

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    Keywords: organic farming; efficiency; environmental impact; Crop Production/Industries; Farm Management;

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    1. repec:jaa:jagape:v:33:y:2001:i:1:p:35-48 is not listed on IDEAS
    2. Tzouvelekas, Vangelis & Pantzios, Christos J. & Fotopoulos, Christos, 2001. "Technical efficiency of alternative farming systems: the case of Greek organic and conventional olive-growing farms," Food Policy, Elsevier, vol. 26(6), pages 549-569, December.
    3. Madau, Fabio A., 2005. "Technical Efficiency in Organic Farming: An Application on Italian Cereal Farms Using a Parametric Approach," 2005 International Congress, August 23-27, 2005, Copenhagen, Denmark 24545, European Association of Agricultural Economists.
    4. Chambers, Robert G. & Chung, Yangho & Fare, Rolf, 1996. "Benefit and Distance Functions," Journal of Economic Theory, Elsevier, vol. 70(2), pages 407-419, August.
    5. Fare, Rolf & Grosskopf, Shawna & Noh, Dong-Woon & Weber, William, 2005. "Characteristics of a polluting technology: theory and practice," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 126(2), pages 469-492, June.
    6. Tzouvelekas, Vangelis & Pantzios, Christos J. & Fotopoulos, Christos, 2001. "Economic Efficiency In Organic Farming: Evidence From Cotton Farms In Viotia, Greece," Journal of Agricultural and Applied Economics, Southern Agricultural Economics Association, vol. 33(01), April.
    7. Huhtala, Anni & Marklund, Per-Olov, 2005. "Environmental Targets and Shadow Prices of Bad Outputs in Organic and Conventional Farming," 2005 International Congress, August 23-27, 2005, Copenhagen, Denmark 24575, European Association of Agricultural Economists.
    8. Fare, Rolf, et al, 1989. "Multilateral Productivity Comparisons When Some Outputs Are Undesirable: A Nonparametric Approach," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 71(1), pages 90-98, February.
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