Localized Learning and Social Capital The Geography Effect in Technological and Institutional Dynamics
AbstractProviding a concise working definition of social capital, this conceptual paper analyses why social capital is important for learning and economic development, why it has a regional dimension, and how it is created. It argues that with the rise of the Knowledge Economy, social capital is becoming valuable because it organizes markets, lowering business firms’ costs of coordinating and allowing them to flexibly connect and reconnect. Thus, it serves as a social framework for localized learning in both breadth and depth. The paper suggests that a range of social phenomena such as altruism, trust, participation, and inclusion, are created when a matrix of various social relations is combined with particular normative and cognitive social institutions that facilitate cooperation and reciprocity. Such a matrix of social relations, plus facilitating institutions, is what the paper defines as “social capital”. The paper further suggests that social capital is formed at the regional (rather than national or international) level, because it is at this level we find the densest matrices of social relations. The paper also offers a discussion of how regional policies may be suited for promoting social capital.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by DRUID, Copenhagen Business School, Department of Industrial Economics and Strategy/Aalborg University, Department of Business Studies in its series DRUID Working Papers with number 05-22.
Date of creation: 2005
Date of revision:
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Web page: http://www.druid.dk/
Social capital; knowledge economy; regional dimension;
Find related papers by JEL classification:
- D83 - Microeconomics - - Information, Knowledge, and Uncertainty - - - Search, Learning, and Information
- Z13 - Other Special Topics - - Cultural Economics - - - Economic Sociology; Economic Anthropology; Social and Economic Stratification
This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-ALL-2006-01-01 (All new papers)
- NEP-CBE-2006-01-01 (Cognitive & Behavioural Economics)
- NEP-GEO-2006-01-01 (Economic Geography)
- NEP-INO-2006-01-01 (Innovation)
- NEP-KNM-2006-01-01 (Knowledge Management & Knowledge Economy)
- NEP-PKE-2006-01-01 (Post Keynesian Economics)
- NEP-SOC-2006-01-01 (Social Norms & Social Capital)
- NEP-URE-2006-01-01 (Urban & Real Estate Economics)
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