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Tax Sparing and Direct Investment in Developing Countries

In: International Taxation and Multinational Activity

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  • James R. Hines Jr.

Abstract

This paper analyzes the effect of and performance of foreign direct investment (FDI). sparing foreign investment income to permit investors to receive the full benefits of host country tax reductions. For example, Japanese firms investing in countries with whom Japan has agreements are entitled to claim foreign tax credits for income taxes that they would have paid to foreign governments in the absence of tax holidays and other special abatements. Most high-income capital-exporting countries grant "tax sparing" for FDI in developing countries, while the United States does not. Comparisons of Japanese and American investment patterns reveal that the volume of Japanese FDI located in countries with whom Japan has than what it would have been otherwise. In addition, Japanese firms are subject to 23% lower tax rates than are their American counterparts in countries with whom Japan has agreements. Similar patters appear when with the United Kingdom are used as instruments for Japanese sparing influences the level and location of foreign direct investment and the willingness of foreign governments to offer tax concessions.

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This chapter was published in:

  • James R. Hines, Jr., 2000. "International Taxation and Multinational Activity," NBER Books, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc, number hine00-1, October.
    This item is provided by National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc in its series NBER Chapters with number 10719.

    Handle: RePEc:nbr:nberch:10719

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    Cited by:
    1. Baskaran, Thushyanthan & Lopes da Fonseca, Mariana, 2013. "The economics and empirics of tax competition: A survey," Center for European, Governance and Economic Development Research Discussion Papers 163, University of Goettingen, Department of Economics.
    2. Michael Keen & David E. Wildasin, 2001. "Pareto Efficiency in International Taxation," Public Economics 0112003, EconWPA.
    3. Zhiyong An, 2012. "Taxation and foreign direct investment (FDI): empirical evidence from a quasi-experiment in China," International Tax and Public Finance, Springer, vol. 19(5), pages 660-676, October.
    4. Kelly Edmiston & Shannon Mudd & Neven Valev, 2000. "Incentive Targeting, Influence Peddling, and Foreign Direct Investment," International Center for Public Policy Working Paper Series, at AYSPS, GSU paper0007, International Center for Public Policy, Andrew Young School of Policy Studies, Georgia State University.
    5. Zee, Howell H. & Stotsky, Janet G. & Ley, Eduardo, 2002. "Tax Incentives for Business Investment: A Primer for Policy Makers in Developing Countries," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 30(9), pages 1497-1516, September.
    6. Michael Keen & David Wildasin, 2004. "Pareto-Efficient International Taxation," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 94(1), pages 259-275, March.
    7. Hines, James R. Jr., 1999. "The Case against Deferral: A Deferential Reconsideration," National Tax Journal, National Tax Association, vol. 52(n. 3), pages 385-404, September.

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