Tax Law Asymmetries and Income Shifting: Evidence from Japanese Capital Keiretsu
AbstractWhile the asymmetric treatment of positive and negative income creates clear tax incentives to shift income among a group of closely related corporations, attempts to document the impact of such behavior on economic outcomes are relatively sparse. We aim to provide evidence on tax-motivated transfers from a large dataset of Japanese corporate groups. Using company level data on 33,340 subsidiary time pairs from 1988, 1990, and 1992, we consider testable implications of income shifting in a theoretical model tailored to the Japanese institution of the early 1990s and empirically examine the spread of the profitability distribution, the attrition rate of loss-making subsidiaries, and the propensity to report zero profit. The findings suggest that income shifting was pervasive when Japan had not adopted a formal allowance for group-level tax. The result underscores the importance of accounting for the inter-relatedness of companies, in designing a corporate income tax.
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Bibliographic InfoArticle provided by De Gruyter in its journal The B.E. Journal of Economic Analysis & Policy.
Volume (Year): 10 (2010)
Issue (Month): 1 (January)
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Web page: http://www.degruyter.com
Other versions of this item:
- Kazuki Onji & David Vera, 2008. "Tax Law Asymmetries and Income Shifting : Evidence From Japanese Capital Keiretsu," Finance Working Papers 21966, East Asian Bureau of Economic Research.
- Kazuki Onji & David Vera, 2008. "Tax Law Asymmetries and Income Shifting: Evidence From Japanese Capital Keiretsu," Asia Pacific Economic Papers 371, Australia-Japan Research Centre, Crawford School of Public Policy, The Australian National University.
- H25 - Public Economics - - Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue - - - Business Taxes and Subsidies
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- Kazuki Onji, 2013. "Who participates in corporate income tax consolidation? Evidence from Japan," AJRC Working Papers 1303, Australia-Japan Research Centre, Crawford School of Public Policy, The Australian National University.
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