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Un modelo de equilibrio general con externalidades y capital natural

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  • David Tobón Orozco
  • Carlos Andrés Vasco Correa

Abstract

This book discusses a model of general equilibrium with a sector generating externalities on another sector with clean production, consumers and nature (natural capital). The scope of efficiency of mitigation policy instruments are analysed simultaneously with the activities of production and consumption, in the cases of: nature as a free good, nature as a private good, assignment of market efficiency and general equilibrium, payment of taxes or tradable permits and the use of pollution mitigation technologies. Our model predicts that: the polluting sector ends in a worse situation in the equilibrium with externalities; inside there will be firms benefiting or resulting most disadvantaged with pollution, whereby incentives to acquire mitigation technologies are not homogeneous —such incentives are higher when taxes should be paid—. However, distributive and welfare effects vary depending on the policy instrument, being higher when pollution permits are allowed among the affected.

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Bibliographic Info

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This book is provided by Universidad de Antioquia, Departamento de Economía in its series Libros del Grupo Microeconomía Aplicada with number 01 and published in 2011.

Edition: 1
Handle: RePEc:lde:bookgm:01

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Related research

Keywords: Pollution Control Adoption Costs; Water Pollution; Technological Innovation; Ecological Economics: Ecosystem Services; Applied General Equilibrium Models.;

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References

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  1. Bergman, Lars, 2005. "CGE Modeling of Environmental Policy and Resource Management," Handbook of Environmental Economics, in: K. G. Mäler & J. R. Vincent (ed.), Handbook of Environmental Economics, edition 1, volume 3, chapter 24, pages 1273-1306 Elsevier.
  2. Baumol,William J. & Oates,Wallace E., 1988. "The Theory of Environmental Policy," Cambridge Books, Cambridge University Press, number 9780521322249, October.
  3. Lawrence H. Goulder & Ian W. H. Parry & Dallas Burtraw, 1996. "Revenue-Raising vs. Other Approaches to Environmental Protection: The Critical Significance of Pre-Existing Tax Distortions," NBER Working Papers 5641, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  4. Don Fullerton & Garth Heutel, 2010. "The General Equilibrium Incidence of Environmental Mandates," American Economic Journal: Economic Policy, American Economic Association, vol. 2(3), pages 64-89, August.
  5. Juan-Pablo Montero, 2011. "End of the line: A Note on Environmental Policy and Innovation when Governments cannot Commit," Documentos de Trabajo 394, Instituto de Economia. Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile..
  6. Carbone, Jared C. & Smith, V. Kerry, 2008. "Evaluating policy interventions with general equilibrium externalities," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 92(5-6), pages 1254-1274, June.
  7. Yoram Bauman & Myunghun Lee & Karl Seeley, 2008. "Does Technological Innovation Really Reduce Marginal Abatement Costs? Some Theory, Algebraic Evidence, and Policy Implications," Environmental & Resource Economics, European Association of Environmental and Resource Economists, vol. 40(4), pages 507-527, August.
  8. Montero, Juan Pablo, 2011. "A note on environmental policy and innovation when governments cannot commit," Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 33(S1), pages S13-S19.
  9. Carolyn Fischer & Alan K. Fox, 2007. "Output-Based Allocation of Emissions Permits for Mitigating Tax and Trade Interactions," Land Economics, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 83(4), pages 575-599.
  10. Grischa Perino, 2008. "The Design of Permit Schemes and Environmental Innovation," Working Papers 0467, University of Heidelberg, Department of Economics, revised Jun 2008.
  11. Arnold C. Harberger, 1962. "The Incidence of the Corporation Income Tax," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 70, pages 215.
  12. Decaluwe, B. & Martens, A., 1986. "Cge Modeling and Developing Economies: a Concise Empirical Survey of 56 Applications to 24 Countries," Cahiers de recherche 8626, Universite de Montreal, Departement de sciences economiques.
  13. Baumol,William J. & Oates,Wallace E., 1988. "The Theory of Environmental Policy," Cambridge Books, Cambridge University Press, number 9780521311120, October.
  14. Dasgupta, Partha, 2001. "Human Well-Being and the Natural Environment," OUP Catalogue, Oxford University Press, number 9780199247882.
  15. Kenneth Arrow & Partha Dasgupta & Lawrence Goulder & Gretchen Daily & Paul Ehrlich & Geoffrey Heal & Simon Levin & Karl-Göran Mäler & Stephen Schneider & David Starrett & Brian Walker, 2004. "Are We Consuming Too Much?," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, vol. 18(3), pages 147-172, Summer.
  16. Das Monica & Das Sandwip K., 2007. "Can Stricter Environmental Regulations Increase Export of the Polluting Good?," The B.E. Journal of Economic Analysis & Policy, De Gruyter, vol. 7(1), pages 1-22, June.
  17. Don Fullerton, 2001. "A Framework to Compare Environmental Policies," Southern Economic Journal, Southern Economic Association, vol. 68(2), pages 224-248, October.
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