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An empirical analysis of the effect of volunteer labor on public library employment

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  • William F. Stine

    (Department of Economics, Clarion University of Pennsylvania, Clarion, PA, USA)

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    Abstract

    This study is an empirical investigation of the effect of library volunteers on public library demand for paid workers. Unlike previous studies, it estimates the impacts on different types of paid labor. The main purpose is to test whether volunteer labor replaced or complemented paid employees. A translog cost function is used to derive cost shares and elasticities of substitution for Pennsylvania public libraries. Cross-elasticity estimates of substitution and input demand suggest a strong complementary relation between volunteers and professional workers. Most of the other Allen cross elasticities were not statistically significant. None of the estimates indicate that paid labor was being replaced by volunteers. Copyright © 2007 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

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    File URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10.1002/mde.1422
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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. in its journal Managerial and Decision Economics.

    Volume (Year): 29 (2008)
    Issue (Month): 6 ()
    Pages: 525-538

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    Handle: RePEc:wly:mgtdec:v:29:y:2008:i:6:p:525-538

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    Web page: http://www3.interscience.wiley.com/cgi-bin/jhome/7976

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    1. Kathleen M. Day & Rose Anne Devlin, 1996. "Volunteerism and Crowding Out: Canadian Econometric Evidence," Canadian Journal of Economics, Canadian Economics Association, Canadian Economics Association, vol. 29(1), pages 37-53, February.
    2. Christopher J. Hammond, 2006. "Factor substitution in the production of library services: evidence from the North American research libraries," Managerial and Decision Economics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 27(8), pages 613-630.
    3. Menchik, Paul L. & Weisbrod, Burton A., 1987. "Volunteer labor supply," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 32(2), pages 159-183, March.
    4. Gyimah Brempong, Kwabena, 1987. "Elasticity of Factor Substitution in Police Agencies: Evidence from Florida," Journal of Business & Economic Statistics, American Statistical Association, American Statistical Association, vol. 5(2), pages 257-65, April.
    5. Hammond, Christopher J., 1999. "The technology of library service provision: a cost function analysis of public library systems in the United Kingdom," Information Economics and Policy, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 11(3), pages 271-295, September.
    6. Richard B. Freeman, 1996. "Working for Nothing: The Supply of Volunteer Labor," NBER Working Papers 5435, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    7. Lewis M. Segal & Burton A. Weisbrod, 2002. "Volunteer labor sorting across industries," Journal of Policy Analysis and Management, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 21(3), pages 427-447.
    8. DeBoer, Larry, 1992. "Economies of scale and input substitution in public libraries," Journal of Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 32(2), pages 257-268, September.
    9. Pindyck, Robert S, 1979. "Interfuel Substitution and the Industrial Demand for Energy: An International Comparison," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 61(2), pages 169-79, May.
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    Cited by:
    1. Astrid Haider & Ulrike Schneider, 2010. "The Influence Of Volunteers, Donations And Public Subsidies On The Wage Level Of Nonprofit Workers: Evidence From Austrian Matched Data," Annals of Public and Cooperative Economics, Wiley Blackwell, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 81(1), pages 1-20, 03.

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