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The effects of income, education and age on health

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  • Olga Kiuila

    (Warsaw University, Warsaw, Poland)

  • Peter Mieszkowski

    (Rice University, Houston, TX, USA)

Abstract

We use the core interviews of the US Health Interview Survey for the years 1987-1994, to study the effects of socioeconomic status (SES) on mortality and self-reported health. We find, consistent with previous studies, that the relationship between mortality and indicators such as education and income diminishes with age. We consider new explanations for this result and conclude that general biological deterioration at old age is probably the principal one. One important piece of evidence for this conclusion is the finding that there is no relationship at all between mortality and SES for people whose self-reported health status at baseline is either fair or poor. Copyright © 2007 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. in its journal Health Economics.

Volume (Year): 16 (2007)
Issue (Month): 8 ()
Pages: 781-798

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Handle: RePEc:wly:hlthec:v:16:y:2007:i:8:p:781-798

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Web page: http://www3.interscience.wiley.com/cgi-bin/jhome/5749

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  1. Adams, Peter & Hurd, Michael D. & McFadden, Daniel & Merrill, Angela & Ribeiro, Tiago, 2003. "Healthy, wealthy, and wise? Tests for direct causal paths between health and socioeconomic status," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 112(1), pages 3-56, January.
  2. Christian Salas, 2002. "On the empirical association between poor health and low socioeconomic status at old age," Health Economics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 11(3), pages 207-220.
  3. Anne C. Case & Angus Deaton, 2003. "Broken Down by Work and Sex: How Our Health Declines," NBER Working Papers 9821, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
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Cited by:
  1. Ana Pocas & Elias Soukiazis, 2011. "Health Status Determinants in the OECD Countries. A Panel Data Approach with Endogenous Regressors," ERSA conference papers ersa10p749, European Regional Science Association.
  2. Petrie, Dennis & Allanson, Paul & Gerdtham, Ulf-G., 2011. "Accounting for the dead in the longitudinal analysis of income-related health inequalities," Journal of Health Economics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 30(5), pages 1113-1123.
  3. Lackó, Mária, 2010. "A magyarországi rossz egészségi állapot lehetséges magyarázó tényezői. Összehasonlító makroelemzés magyar és osztrák adatok alapján, 1960-2004
    [The poor health status of Hungarians:
    ," Közgazdasági Szemle (Economic Review - monthly of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences), Közgazdasági Szemle Alapítvány (Economic Review Foundation), vol. 0(9), pages 753-778.
  4. Paul Allanson & Ulf-G Gerdtham & Dennis Petrie, 2008. "Longitudinal analysis of income-related health inequality," Dundee Discussion Papers in Economics, Economic Studies, University of Dundee 214, Economic Studies, University of Dundee.
  5. Boyle, Melissa A. & Lahey, Joanna N., 2010. "Health insurance and the labor supply decisions of older workers: Evidence from a U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs expansion," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 94(7-8), pages 467-478, August.
  6. Allanson, Paul & Petrie, Dennis & Gerdtham, Ulf-G, 2008. "Longitudinal analysis of income-related health inequality," SIRE Discussion Papers, Scottish Institute for Research in Economics (SIRE) 2008-38, Scottish Institute for Research in Economics (SIRE).
  7. Melissa Boyle, 2008. "Costs and Benefits of Elderly Prescription Drug Coverage: Evidence from Veterans’ Health Care," Working Papers, College of the Holy Cross, Department of Economics 0803, College of the Holy Cross, Department of Economics.
  8. Maite Blázquez & Elena Cottini & Ainhoa Herrarte, 2014. "The socioeconomic gradient in health: how important is material deprivation?," Journal of Economic Inequality, Springer, Springer, vol. 12(2), pages 239-264, June.
  9. Petrie, Dennis & Allanson, Paul & Gerdtham, Ulf-G, 2010. "Accounting for the dead in the longitudinal analysis of income-related health inequalities," SIRE Discussion Papers, Scottish Institute for Research in Economics (SIRE) 2010-98, Scottish Institute for Research in Economics (SIRE).

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