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Occupational Status and Health Transitions

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Author Info

  • Morefield Brant

    ()
    (Abt Associates)

  • Ribar David C.

    ()
    (University of North Carolina at Greensboro)

  • Ruhm Christopher J.

    ()
    (University of Virginia)

Abstract

We use longitudinal data from the 1984-2007 waves of the Panel Study of Income Dynamics to examine how occupational status is related to the health transitions of 30-59 year-old U.S. males. A recent history of blue-collar employment predicts a substantial increase in the probability of transitioning from very good into bad self-assessed health, relative to white-collar employment, but with no evidence of a difference in movements from bad to very good health. Service work is also associated with a higher probability of transitioning into bad health and possibly with a lower probability of recovery. These findings suggest that blue-collar and service workers “wear out” faster with age because they are more likely than their white-collar counterparts to experience negative health shocks. There is also evidence that this partly reflects differences in the physical demands of jobs.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by De Gruyter in its journal The B.E. Journal of Economic Analysis & Policy.

Volume (Year): 11 (2012)
Issue (Month): 3 (March)
Pages: 1-29

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Handle: RePEc:bpj:bejeap:v:11:y:2012:i:3:n:8

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References

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  1. Ai, Chunrong & Norton, Edward C., 2003. "Interaction terms in logit and probit models," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 80(1), pages 123-129, July.
  2. Eugene Choo & Michael Denny, 2006. "Wearing Out -- The Decline in Health," Working Papers tecipa-258, University of Toronto, Department of Economics.
  3. Jason M. Fletcher & Jody L. Sindelar, 2009. "Estimating Causal Effects of Early Occupational Choice on Later Health: Evidence Using the PSID," NBER Working Papers 15256, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
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Cited by:
  1. Ravesteijn, Bastian & van Kippersluis, Hans & van Doorslaer, Eddy, 2013. "The Wear and Tear on Health: What is the Role of Occupation?," MPRA Paper 50321, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  2. Bastian Ravesteijn & Hans van Kippersluis & Eddy van Doorslaer, 2013. "The Wear and Tear on Health: What Is the Role of Occupation?," SOEPpapers on Multidisciplinary Panel Data Research 618, DIW Berlin, The German Socio-Economic Panel (SOEP).
  3. Datta Gupta, Nabanita & Lau, Daniel & Pozzoli, Dario, 2012. "The Impact of Education and Occupation on Temporary and Permanent Work Incapacity," IZA Discussion Papers 6963, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  4. Ayala, Luis & Rodríguez, Magdalena, 2013. "Health-related effects of welfare-to-work policies," Social Science & Medicine, Elsevier, vol. 93(C), pages 103-112.
  5. Meyer S. & Künn-Nelen A.C., 2014. "Do occupational demands explain the educational gradient in health?," ROA Research Memorandum 005, Maastricht University, Research Centre for Education and the Labour Market (ROA).
  6. Bastian Ravesteijn & Hans van Kippersluis & Eddy van Doorslaer, 2013. "The Wear and Tear on Health: What is the Role of Occupation?," Tinbergen Institute Discussion Papers 13-143/V, Tinbergen Institute.
  7. Maclean, Johanna Catherine, 2013. "The health effects of leaving school in a bad economy," Journal of Health Economics, Elsevier, vol. 32(5), pages 951-964.

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