The impact of EU export subsidy reductions on U.S. dairy exports
AbstractIn this article, we consider the impact of European Union (EU) export subsidy reductions on the U.S. dairy trade. We assume reductions of 36% similar to the 1995 World Trade Organization agreement. The price substitutability between U.S. and EU dairy products is estimated using a Rotterdam-type production model. Past analyses have suggested that EU export subsidy reductions will increase U.S. dairy exports because the removal of EU subsidies will raise EU export dairy prices, rendering U.S. dairy products more competitive on world markets. This is partially true for nonfat dry milk, where our projections indicate an increase of 4.6% in U.S. exports. U.S. cheese, butter, and whey exports, on the other hand, rise by only 0.2, 0.1, and 0.2%, respectively. The main reason for the relatively modest gains is that the U.S. and EU dairy products are independent, not substitutes, for one another in a majority of the countries studied. [JEL classifications: Q17, Q18, F53] © 2008 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Download InfoIf you experience problems downloading a file, check if you have the proper application to view it first. In case of further problems read the IDEAS help page. Note that these files are not on the IDEAS site. Please be patient as the files may be large.
Bibliographic InfoArticle provided by John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. in its journal Agribusiness.
Volume (Year): 24 (2008)
Issue (Month): 4 ()
Contact details of provider:
Web page: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1520-6297
Find related papers by JEL classification:
- Q17 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Agriculture - - - Agriculture in International Trade
- Q18 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Agriculture - - - Agricultural Policy; Food Policy
- F53 - International Economics - - International Relations, National Security, and International Political Economy - - - International Agreements and Observance; International Organizations
Please report citation or reference errors to , or , if you are the registered author of the cited work, log in to your RePEc Author Service profile, click on "citations" and make appropriate adjustments.:
- Washington, Andrew A. & Kilmer, Richard L., 2002.
"The Derived Demand For Imported Cheese In Hong Kong,"
International Food and Agribusiness Management Review,
International Food and Agribusiness Management Association (IAMA), vol. 5(01).
- Ge, Jiaoju & Kilmer, Richard L. & Washington, Andrew A., 2005. "The Derived Demand for Imported Cheese into Hong Kong," Policy Briefs 15694, University of Florida, International Agricultural Trade and Policy Center.
- Washington, Andrew A. & Kilmer, Richard L., 2000.
"The Production Theory Approach To Import Demand Analysis: A Comparison Of The Rotterdam Model And The Differential Production Approach,"
2000 Annual meeting, July 30-August 2, Tampa, FL
21829, American Agricultural Economics Association (New Name 2008: Agricultural and Applied Economics Association).
- Washington, Andrew A. & Kilmer, Richard L., 2002. "The Production Theory Approach To Import Demand Analysis: A Comparison Of The Rotterdam Model And The Differential Production Approach," Journal of Agricultural and Applied Economics, Southern Agricultural Economics Association, vol. 34(03), December.
- Berndt, Ernst R & Savin, N Eugene, 1975. "Estimation and Hypothesis Testing in Singular Equation Systems with Autoregressive Disturbances," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 43(5-6), pages 937-57, Sept.-Nov.
- Beach, Charles M & MacKinnon, James G, 1979.
"Maximum Likelihood Estimation of Singular Equation Systems with Autoregressive Disturbances,"
International Economic Review,
Department of Economics, University of Pennsylvania and Osaka University Institute of Social and Economic Research Association, vol. 20(2), pages 459-64, June.
- Charles M. Beach & James G. MacKinnon, 1977. "Maximum Likelihood Estimation of Singular Equation Systems with Autoregressive Disturbances," Working Papers 276, Queen's University, Department of Economics.
- Lopez, Rigoberto A. & Pagoulatos, Emilio & Gonzalez, Maria A., 2006. "Home bias and U.S. imports of processed food products," The North American Journal of Economics and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 17(3), pages 363-373, December.
- Murphy, Elizabeth A. & Norwood, F. Bailey & Wohlgenant, Michael K., 2003.
"Do Economic Restrictions Improve Forecasts?,"
2003 Annual meeting, July 27-30, Montreal, Canada
22208, American Agricultural Economics Association (New Name 2008: Agricultural and Applied Economics Association).
- Murphy, Elizabeth A. & Norwood, F. Bailey & Wohlgenant, Michael K., 2003. "Do Economic Restrictions Improve Forecasts?," 2003 Annual Meeting, February 1-5, 2003, Mobile, Alabama 35075, Southern Agricultural Economics Association.
- Bruce A. Blonigen & Wesley W. Wilson, 1999. "Explaining Armington: What Determines Substitutability Between Home and Foreign Goods?," Canadian Journal of Economics, Canadian Economics Association, vol. 32(1), pages 1-21, February.
- Meng Zhou & Andrew M. Novakovic, 1996. "Exporting to China: Possibilities and challenges for US dairy industry," Agribusiness, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 12(1), pages 1-13.
- Terry L. Kastens & Gary W. Brester, 1996. "Model Selection and Forecasting Ability of Theory-Constrained Food Demand Systems," American Journal of Agricultural Economics, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association, vol. 78(2), pages 301-312.
- Alexandre Gohin & Patrice Gautier, 2005. "The Phasing out of EU Agricultural Export Subsidies: Impacts of Two Management Schemes," Economie Internationale, CEPII research center, issue 101, pages 5-27.
- Davis, George C. & Jensen, Kimberly L., 1994. "Two-Stage Utility Maximization And Import Demand Systems Revisited: Limitations And An Alternative," Journal of Agricultural and Resource Economics, Western Agricultural Economics Association, vol. 19(02), December.
- repec:jaa:jagape:v:36:y:2004:i:3:p:549-558 is not listed on IDEAS
For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Wiley-Blackwell Digital Licensing) or (Christopher F. Baum).
If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.