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Do Natural Amenities Attract High-tech Jobs? Evidence From a Smoothed Bayesian Spatial Model

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Author Info

  • Jeffrey H. Dorfman
  • Mark D. Partridge
  • Hamilton Galloway

Abstract

We investigate the popular theory that high-technology workers are drawn to high amenity locations and then the jobs follow the workers. Using a novel data set that tracks high-technology job growth by US county, we estimate spatial parameters of the response of high-tech job growth to the level of local natural amenities. For estimation we utilize a reasonably new class of models, smooth coefficient models, taking advantage of their flexibility to allow the response of high-tech job growth to be nonlinear with respect to the level of natural amenities. Our results show that amenities are not an important driver for high-technology employment growth. Natural amenities matter most within the subset of US counties that are micropolitan, where they can influence location decisions. Nous penchons sur la théorie populaire d'apr�s laquelle les travailleurs du secteur de la technologie de pointe sont attirés vers des lieux � infrastructure supérieure, et les emplois de ce secteur suivent ces m�mes travailleurs. En utilisant un ensemble de données nouveau, qui suit l'expansion des emplois dans le secteur de la technologie de pointe par comté des �tats-Unis, nous procédons � la réalisation d'une évaluation de param�tres spatiaux de la réaction de l'expansion des emplois dans le secteur de la technologie de pointe au niveau des infrastructures naturelles locales. Pour l'estimation, nous utilisons une catégorie de mod�les raisonnablement neuve, des mod�les � coefficient de lissage, en exploitant leur souplesse d'emploi afin d'assurer que la réponse de l'expansion des emplois dans la haute technologue soit non linéaire relativement au niveau des ressources naturelles. Les résultats obtenus montrent que les infrastructures ne constituent pas un élément déterminant de l'expansion de l'emploi dans le secteur de la haute technologie. L'importance des infrastructures naturelles est plus importante dans le sous-ensemble des comtés micropolitains des �tats-Unis, o� elles peuvent influer sur des décisions relatives au lieu d'implantation. Investigamos la teoría popular de que los trabajadores de alta tecnología se sienten atraídos hacia lugares con muchas amenidades, y, por lo tanto, que los trabajos acompa�an a los trabajadores. Utilizando un conjunto novedoso de datos que rastrea el crecimiento de empleos en alta tecnología por condado estadounidense, estimamos par�metros espaciales de la respuesta del crecimiento de trabajos de alta tecnología al nivel de amenidades naturales locales. Para la estimaci�n utilizamos una clase de modelos razonablemente nuevos, los modelos de coeficiente homogéneo, sacando partido de su flexibilidad para que la respuesta del crecimiento de trabajo de alta tecnología no sea lineal con respecto al nivel de amenidades naturales. Nuestros resultados muestran que las amenidades no representan un aliciente importante para el crecimiento del empleo en alta tecnología. Las amenidades importan m�s dentro del subconjunto de condados estadounidenses micropolitanos, donde pueden influir sobre las decisiones de ubicaci�n.

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File URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10.1080/17421772.2011.610811
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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Taylor & Francis Journals in its journal Spatial Economic Analysis.

Volume (Year): 6 (2011)
Issue (Month): 4 (April)
Pages: 397-422

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Handle: RePEc:taf:specan:v:6:y:2011:i:4:p:397-422

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Cited by:
  1. Xu, Wan & Khachatryan, Hayk, 2013. "The Impact of Integrated Pest Management Practices on U.S. National Nursery Industry Annul Sales Revenue: An Application of Smooth Transition Spatial Autoregressive Models," 2013 Annual Meeting, February 2-5, 2013, Orlando, Florida 142961, Southern Agricultural Economics Association.
  2. Maynard, Leigh J. & Dunaway, Tarrah & Garkovich, Lorraine & Davis, Alison F., 2013. "The Impact of Agriculture on Other Business Activity: A Nationwide Analysis Applied to Fayette County, Kentucky," 2013 Annual Meeting, February 2-5, 2013, Orlando, Florida 142131, Southern Agricultural Economics Association.
  3. Partridge, Mark & Betz, Mike, 2012. "Country Road Take Me Home: Migration Patterns in the Appalachia America and Place-Based Policy," MPRA Paper 38293, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  4. B. Fingleton & P. Cheshire & H. Garretsen & D. Igliori & J. Le Gallo & P. McCann & J. McCombie & V. Monastiriotis & B. Moore & M. Roberts, 2011. "Editorial," Spatial Economic Analysis, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 6(4), pages 351-357, December.

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