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DINKs, DEWKs & Co. Marriage, Fertility and Childlessness in the United States

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  • Thomas Baudin

    (EQUIPPE - ECONOMIE QUANTITATIVE, INTEGRATION, POLITIQUES PUBLIQUES ET ECONOMETRIE - Université Lille I - Sciences et technologies - Université Lille II - Droit et santé - Université Lille III - Sciences humaines et sociales - PRES Université Lille Nord de France)

  • David De La Croix

    ()
    (UCL IRES - Institut de recherches économiques et sociales - Université Catholique de Louvain (UCL) - Belgique)

  • Paula Gobbi

    (UCL - Université Catholique de Louvain - Université Catholique de Louvain (UCL) - Belgique)

Abstract

We develop a theory of marriage and fertility, distinguishing the choice to have children from the choice of the number of children. The deep param eters of the model are identified from the 1990 US Census. We measure voluntary and involuntary childless-ness, and explain why (1) single women are more often childless than married women but, when mothers, their fertility are almost similar; (2) childlessness exhibits a U-shaped relationship with education for both single and married; (3) the relationship between marriage rates and education is hump-shaped. We show how family patterns have been shaped by the rise in education and wage inequality, and by the shrinking gender wage gap.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by HAL in its series Working Papers with number hal-00993307.

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Date of creation: 2012
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Handle: RePEc:hal:wpaper:hal-00993307

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Keywords: Fertility ; Childlessnes s; Marriage; Education ; Structural Estimation;

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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Paula Gobbi, 2013. "A model of voluntary childlessness," Journal of Population Economics, Springer, Springer, vol. 26(3), pages 963-982, July.
  2. Mizuki Komura, 2013. "Tax reform and endogenous gender bargaining power," Review of Economics of the Household, Springer, Springer, vol. 11(2), pages 175-192, June.
  3. Thomas Baudin, 2012. "More on Religion and Fertility: The French Connection," Working Papers hal-00993310, HAL.
  4. Paula GOBBI, 2013. "Childcare and Commitment within Households," Discussion Papers (IRES - Institut de Recherches Economiques et Sociales), Université catholique de Louvain, Institut de Recherches Economiques et Sociales (IRES) 2013019, Université catholique de Louvain, Institut de Recherches Economiques et Sociales (IRES).
  5. Bulent Guler, 2013. "Dual Income Couples and Interstate Migration," 2013 Meeting Papers, Society for Economic Dynamics 898, Society for Economic Dynamics.

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