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DINKs, DEWKs & Co. Marriage, fertility and childlessness in the United States

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Author Info

  • BAUDIN, Thomas

    ()
    (EQUIPPE, Université de Lille 3, France; Université catholique de Louvain, IRES, B-1348 Louvain-la-Neuve, Belgium)

  • DE LA CROIX, David

    ()
    (Université catholique de Louvain, CORE and IRES, B-1348 Louvain-la-Neuve, Belgium)

  • GOBBI, Paula

    ()
    (Université catholique de Louvain, IRES, B-1348 Louvain-la-Neuve, Belgium)

Abstract

We develop a theory of marriage and fertility, distinguishing the choice to have children from the choice of the number of children. The deep parameters of the model are identified from the 1990 US Census. We measure voluntary and involuntary childlessness, and explain why (1) single women are more often childless than married women but, when mothers, their fertility are almost similar; (2) childlessness exhibits a U- shaped relationship with education for both single and married; (3) the relationship between marriage rates and education is hump-shaped. We show how family patterns have been shaped by the rise in education and wage inequality, and by the shrinking gender wage gap.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Université catholique de Louvain, Center for Operations Research and Econometrics (CORE) in its series CORE Discussion Papers with number 2012051.

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Date of creation: 21 Dec 2012
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Handle: RePEc:cor:louvco:2012051

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Keywords: fertility; childlessness; marriage; education; structural estimation;

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References

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  2. DE LA CROIX, David & DOEPKE, Matthias, . "To segregate or to integrate: Education politics and democracy," CORE Discussion Papers RP -2105, Université catholique de Louvain, Center for Operations Research and Econometrics (CORE).
  3. David DE LA CROIX & Fabio MARIANI, 2012. "From Polygyny to Serial Monogamy: a Unified Theory of Marriage Institutions," Discussion Papers (IRES - Institut de Recherches Economiques et Sociales) 2012005, Université catholique de Louvain, Institut de Recherches Economiques et Sociales (IRES).
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  5. de la CROIX, David & VANDER DONCKT, Marie, 2008. "Would empowering women initiate the demographic transition in least-developed countries?," CORE Discussion Papers 2008043, Université catholique de Louvain, Center for Operations Research and Econometrics (CORE).
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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Paula GOBBI, 2013. "Childcare and Commitment within Households," Discussion Papers (IRES - Institut de Recherches Economiques et Sociales) 2013019, Université catholique de Louvain, Institut de Recherches Economiques et Sociales (IRES).
  2. Bulent Guler, 2013. "Dual Income Couples and Interstate Migration," 2013 Meeting Papers 898, Society for Economic Dynamics.
  3. Paula E. GOBBI, 2011. "A Model of Voluntary Childlessness," Discussion Papers (IRES - Institut de Recherches Economiques et Sociales) 2011001, Université catholique de Louvain, Institut de Recherches Economiques et Sociales (IRES).

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