Geography and high-tech employment growth in U.S. counties
AbstractThis paper investigates the role of geography in high-tech employment growth across U.S. counties. The geographic dimensions examined include industry cluster effects, urbanization effects, proximity to a research university, and proximity in the urban hierarchy. Growth is assessed for overall high-tech employment and for employment in various high-tech sub-sectors. Econometric analyses are conducted separately for samples of metropolitan and nonmetropolitan counties. Among our primary findings, we do not find evidence of positive localization or within-industry cluster growth effects, generally finding negative growth effects. We instead find evidence of positive urbanization effects and growth penalties for greater distances from larger urban areas. Universities also appear to play their primary role in creating human capital rather than knowledge spillovers for nearby firms. Quantile regression analysis confirms the absence of within-industry cluster effects and importance of human capital for counties with fast growth in high-tech industries.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by University Library of Munich, Germany in its series MPRA Paper with number 38294.
Date of creation: 2012
Date of revision:
High-tech industries; employment growth; regional growth;
Find related papers by JEL classification:
- O18 - Economic Development, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Urban, Rural, Regional, and Transportation Analysis; Housing; Infrastructure
This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-ALL-2012-05-02 (All new papers)
- NEP-CSE-2012-05-02 (Economics of Strategic Management)
- NEP-ENT-2012-05-02 (Entrepreneurship)
- NEP-FDG-2012-05-02 (Financial Development & Growth)
- NEP-GEO-2012-05-02 (Economic Geography)
- NEP-SBM-2012-05-02 (Small Business Management)
- NEP-URE-2012-05-02 (Urban & Real Estate Economics)
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