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Macroeconomic Effects Of Terrorist Shocks In Israel

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  • Denis Larocque
  • Genevieve Lincourt
  • Michel Normandin

Abstract

This paper estimates a structural vector autoregression to assess the empirical effects of terrorism on output and prices in Israel. Long-run restrictions are used to interpret the effects in terms of aggregate demand and supply curves. The responses indicate that the immediate effects of terrorism are similar to those associated with a negative demand shock. Such a leftward shift of the aggregate demand curve is consistent with the existence of adverse effects on most components of aggregate expenditure documented in previous empirical studies. The long-term consequences of terrorism are similar to those related to a negative supply shock. Such a leftward shift of the long-run aggregate supply curve agrees with adverse effects on the determinants of the potential output, such as contractions of physical capital highlighted in earlier work, as well as reductions of technological innovations and slowdowns of net immigrations, which have not been fully analyzed in the existing empirical literature.

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File URL: http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/10242694.2010.491705
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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Taylor & Francis Journals in its journal Defence and Peace Economics.

Volume (Year): 21 (2010)
Issue (Month): 4 ()
Pages: 317-336

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Handle: RePEc:taf:defpea:v:21:y:2010:i:4:p:317-336

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Related research

Keywords: Output; Price; and Terrorist Indices; Structural Vector Autoregressions; Long-run Identifying Restrictions; Dynamic Responses and Variance Decompositions;

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References

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  1. Gupta, Sanjeev & Clements, Benedict & Bhattacharya, Rina & Chakravarti, Shamit, 2004. "Fiscal consequences of armed conflict and terrorism in low- and middle-income countries," European Journal of Political Economy, Elsevier, vol. 20(2), pages 403-421, June.
  2. Nitsch, Volker & Schumacher, Dieter, 2004. "Terrorism and international trade: an empirical investigation," European Journal of Political Economy, Elsevier, vol. 20(2), pages 423-433, June.
  3. S. Brock Blomberg & Gregory D. Hess, 2006. "How Much Does Violence Tax Trade?," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 88(4), pages 599-612, November.
  4. Lutz Kilian, 1998. "Small-Sample Confidence Intervals For Impulse Response Functions," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 80(2), pages 218-230, May.
  5. David Fielding, 2003. "Modelling Political Instability and Economic Performance: Israeli Investment during the "Intifada"," Economica, London School of Economics and Political Science, vol. 70(277), pages 159-186, February.
  6. Olivier Jean Blanchard & Danny Quah, 1990. "The Dynamic Effects of Aggregate Demand and Supply Disturbances," NBER Working Papers 2737, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  7. Malcolm Knight & Norman Loayza & Delano Villanueva, 1996. "The Peace Dividend: Military Spending Cuts and Economic Growth," IMF Staff Papers, Palgrave Macmillan, vol. 43(1), pages 1-37, March.
  8. Abadie, Alberto, 2004. "Poverty, Political Freedom, and the Roots of Terrorism," Working Paper Series rwp04-043, Harvard University, John F. Kennedy School of Government.
  9. S. Brock Blomberg & Gregory D. Hess & Athanasios Orphanides, 2004. "The Macroeconomic Consequences of Terrorism," CESifo Working Paper Series 1151, CESifo Group Munich.
  10. Eckstein, Zvi & Tsiddon, Daniel, 2004. "Macroeconomic Consequences of Terror: Theory and the Case of Israel," CEPR Discussion Papers 4427, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  11. Alan B. Krueger & Jitka Maleckova, 2002. "Education, Poverty, Political Violence and Terrorism: Is There a Causal Connection?," NBER Working Papers 9074, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  12. Eldor, Rafi & Melnick, Rafi, 2004. "Financial markets and terrorism," European Journal of Political Economy, Elsevier, vol. 20(2), pages 367-386, June.
  13. Nankervis, John C., 2005. "Computational algorithms for double bootstrap confidence intervals," Computational Statistics & Data Analysis, Elsevier, vol. 49(2), pages 461-475, April.
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