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Private intergenerational contact in France and the demonstration effect

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  • Francois-Charles Wolff

Abstract

This study analyses motives for intergenerational contact from adult children to their middle-aged parents. If these transfers may be explained either by altruism or by exchange, we mainly focus on the demonstration effect where households take care of their own parents in order to elicit a future support from their children. We test the model using a cross-sectional survey from 1992 about private transfers in France. According to the data, the presence of children increases the amount of visits that respondents provide to their parents and the econometric results still hold after controlling for unobserved familial heterogeneity using fixed effects. Although this empirical evidence is consistent with the demonstration effect, we suggest an alternative interpretation for the positive correlation based on the care of grandchildren.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Taylor & Francis Journals in its journal Applied Economics.

Volume (Year): 33 (2001)
Issue (Month): 2 ()
Pages: 143-153

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Handle: RePEc:taf:applec:v:33:y:2001:i:2:p:143-153

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Cited by:
  1. Marta Melguizo Garde, 2007. "La motivación de las transmisiones lucrativas entre generaciones de una familia: modelos teóricos y evidencia empírica," Hacienda Pública Española, IEF, vol. 181(2), pages 81-118, June.
  2. Cox, Donald & Stark, Oded, 2004. "On The Demand For Grandchildren: Tied Transfers And The Demonstration Effect," Discussion Papers 18751, University of Bonn, Center for Development Research (ZEF).
  3. José Giménez-Nadal & Miriam Marcén & Raquel Ortega, 2012. "Substitution and Presence Effects of Children on Mothers’ Adult Care Time," Journal of Family and Economic Issues, Springer, vol. 33(1), pages 2-10, March.
  4. Jellal, Mohamed & Wolff, Francois-Charles, 2002. "Cultural evolutionary altruism: theory and evidence," European Journal of Political Economy, Elsevier, vol. 18(2), pages 241-262, June.
  5. Jellal, Mohamed & wolff, François charles, 2000. "Shaping intergenerational relationships the demonstration effect," MPRA Paper 38512, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  6. Mohamed JELLAL & François-Charles WOLFF, 2005. "Dynamique des transferts intergénérationnels et effet de démonstration," Annales d'Economie et de Statistique, ENSAE, issue 77, pages 81-107.
  7. Ken Yamada, 2003. "Intra-family Transfers in Japan: Intergenerational Co-residence, Distance, andContact," ISER Discussion Paper 0575, Institute of Social and Economic Research, Osaka University.
  8. Jellal, Mohamed & wolff, François charles, 2003. "Solidarités familiales par la démonstration
    [Familial solidariies and the demonstration effect]
    ," MPRA Paper 38438, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  9. Jellal, Mohamed, 2009. "Family Institution and Filial Attention Contract," MPRA Paper 17713, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  10. Wolff, François-Charles, 2006. "Les transferts ascendants au Bangladesh, une décision familiale?," L'Actualité Economique, Société Canadienne de Science Economique, vol. 82(1), pages 271-316, mars-juin.
  11. Mitrut, Andreea & Wolff, François-Charles, 2009. "A causal test of the demonstration effect theory," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 103(1), pages 52-54, April.
  12. Jen Shang & Rachel Croson, 2009. "A Field Experiment in Charitable Contribution: The Impact of Social Information on the Voluntary Provision of Public Goods," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 119(540), pages 1422-1439, October.

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