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Les transferts versés aux enfants et aux parents : altruisme ou échange intertemporel?

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  • François-Charles Wolff

Abstract

[fre] Cet article étudie les transferts familiaux versés par une génération intermédiaire pivot à ses enfants adultes et à ses parents. Cette double sollicitation peut être expliquée par un échange intertemporel où les pivots égoïstes prêtent de l'argent aux jeunes pour être remboursés ultérieurement, ou bien par l'altruisme des pivots à l'égard des enfants et des parents. L'analyse économétrique réalisée à partir de l'enquête Cnav Trois Générations 1992 révèle que les aides aux enfants correspondent principalement à des investissements dans le capital humain et que les aides aux ascendants sont principalement déterminées par les besoins des parents aidés. Si celles-ci ne traduisent guère un remboursement contractuel de la part des pivots, le modèle altruiste s'avère également rejeté d' après les données. [eng] Transfers Paid to Children and Parents : Altruism or Intertemporal Exchange ? . by François-Charles Wolff . This article studies family transfers paid by an intermediate generation (pivot) to its adult children and parents. This solicitation from both sides may be explained by an intertemporal exchange, whereby selfish pivots lend money to the young to be paid back later. Conversely, it may be explained by the pivots' altruism towards their children and parents. An econometric analysis based on the 1992 CNAV Three Generations survey reveals that financial assistance to children is mainly an investment in human capital and that assistance to ascendants is mainly determined by the needs of the assisted parents. Although this assistance hardly reflects a contractual reimbursement by the pivots, the altruistic model is also rejected by the data.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Programme National Persée in its journal Économie & prévision.

Volume (Year): 142 (2000)
Issue (Month): 1 ()
Pages: 67-91

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Handle: RePEc:prs:ecoprv:ecop_0249-4744_2000_num_142_1_5988

Note: DOI:10.3406/ecop.2000.5988
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Web page: http://www.persee.fr/web/revues/home/prescript/revue/ecop

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  1. Cox, Donald, 1987. "Motives for Private Income Transfers," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 95(3), pages 508-46, June.
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  3. François-Charles Wolff, 2000. "Transferts monétaires "inter vivos" et cycle de vie," Revue économique, Presses de Sciences-Po, vol. 0(6), pages 1419-1452.
  4. François-Charles Wolff, 2000. "Transferts et redistribution familiale collective," Revue Économique, Programme National Persée, vol. 51(1), pages 143-162.
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Cited by:
  1. Mohamed Jellal & François-Charles Wolff, 2003. "Solidarités familiales par la démonstration," Revue économique, Presses de Sciences-Po, vol. 54(4), pages 785-810.
  2. Mohamed JELLAL & François-Charles WOLFF, 2005. "Dynamique des transferts intergénérationnels et effet de démonstration," Annales d'Economie et de Statistique, ENSAE, issue 77, pages 81-107.
  3. Jean-Louis Pan Ké Shon, 2006. "How Residents See Their Neighbourhoods: Between Well Off and Cut Off," Economie et Statistique, Institut National de la Statistique et des Etudes Economiques, vol. 386, pages 3-35, March.
  4. Mohamed Jellal & François-Charles Wolff, 2002. "Aides aux parents âgés et allocation intra-familiale," Revue économique, Presses de Sciences-Po, vol. 53(4), pages 863-885.
  5. Claudine Attias-Donfut & François-Charles Wolff & Philippe Tessier, 2006. "Intergenerational Transfers by Elderly Migrants," Economie et Statistique, Institut National de la Statistique et des Etudes Economiques, vol. 390, pages 3-23, July.

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