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Les transferts versés aux enfants et aux parents : altruisme ou échange intertemporel?

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  • François-Charles Wolff

Abstract

[fre] Cet article étudie les transferts familiaux versés par une génération intermédiaire pivot à ses enfants adultes et à ses parents. Cette double sollicitation peut être expliquée par un échange intertemporel où les pivots égoïstes prêtent de l'argent aux jeunes pour être remboursés ultérieurement, ou bien par l'altruisme des pivots à l'égard des enfants et des parents. L'analyse économétrique réalisée à partir de l'enquête Cnav Trois Générations 1992 révèle que les aides aux enfants correspondent principalement à des investissements dans le capital humain et que les aides aux ascendants sont principalement déterminées par les besoins des parents aidés. Si celles-ci ne traduisent guère un remboursement contractuel de la part des pivots, le modèle altruiste s'avère également rejeté d' après les données. [eng] Transfers Paid to Children and Parents : Altruism or Intertemporal Exchange ? . by François-Charles Wolff . This article studies family transfers paid by an intermediate generation (pivot) to its adult children and parents. This solicitation from both sides may be explained by an intertemporal exchange, whereby selfish pivots lend money to the young to be paid back later. Conversely, it may be explained by the pivots' altruism towards their children and parents. An econometric analysis based on the 1992 CNAV Three Generations survey reveals that financial assistance to children is mainly an investment in human capital and that assistance to ascendants is mainly determined by the needs of the assisted parents. Although this assistance hardly reflects a contractual reimbursement by the pivots, the altruistic model is also rejected by the data.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Programme National Persée in its journal Économie & prévision.

Volume (Year): 142 (2000)
Issue (Month): 1 ()
Pages: 67-91

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Handle: RePEc:prs:ecoprv:ecop_0249-4744_2000_num_142_1_5988

Note: DOI:10.3406/ecop.2000.5988
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Web page: http://www.persee.fr/web/revues/home/prescript/revue/ecop

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  1. Gary S. Becker & Nigel Tomes, . "Human Capital and the Rise and Fall of Families," University of Chicago - Population Research Center 84-10, Chicago - Population Research Center.
  2. Vassilis A. Hajivassiliou & Axel Borsch-Supan, 1990. "Smooth Unbiased Multivariate Probability Simulators for Maximum Likelihood Estimation of Limited Dependent Variable Models," Cowles Foundation Discussion Papers 960, Cowles Foundation for Research in Economics, Yale University.
  3. Lee Lillard & Robert Willis, 1997. "Motives for interqenerational transfers: Evidence from Malaysia," Demography, Springer, vol. 34(1), pages 115-134, February.
  4. White, Halbert, 1980. "A Heteroskedasticity-Consistent Covariance Matrix Estimator and a Direct Test for Heteroskedasticity," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 48(4), pages 817-38, May.
  5. Raut, Lakshmi K. & Tran, Lien H., 2005. "Parental human capital investment and old-age transfers from children: Is it a loan contract or reciprocity for Indonesian families?," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 77(2), pages 389-414, August.
  6. Kimball, Miles S., 1987. "Making sense of two-sided altruism," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 20(2), pages 301-326, September.
  7. Cigno, Alessandro, 1993. "Intergenerational transfers without altruism : Family, market and state," European Journal of Political Economy, Elsevier, vol. 9(4), pages 505-518, November.
  8. François-Charles Wolff, 2000. "Transferts monétaires "inter vivos" et cycle de vie," Revue Économique, Programme National Persée, vol. 51(6), pages 1419-1452.
  9. Cigno, Alessandro & C. Giannelli, Gianna & Rosati, Furio C., 1998. "Voluntary transfers among Italian households: altruistic and non-altruistic explanations," Structural Change and Economic Dynamics, Elsevier, vol. 9(4), pages 435-451, December.
  10. François-Charles Wolff & Luc Arrondel, 1998. "La nature des transferts inter vivos en France : investissements humains, aides financières et transmission du patrimoine," Économie et Prévision, Programme National Persée, vol. 135(4), pages 1-27.
  11. Joseph G. Altonji & Fumio Hayashi & Laurence Kotlikoff, . "The Effects of Income and Wealth on Time and MOney Transfers Between Parents and Children," IPR working papers 96-5, Institute for Policy Resarch at Northwestern University.
  12. Anne Laferrere, 1997. "Intergenerational Transmission Models :A Survey," Working Papers 97-23, Centre de Recherche en Economie et Statistique.
  13. François-Charles Wolff, 2000. "Transferts et redistribution familiale collective," Revue Économique, Programme National Persée, vol. 51(1), pages 143-162.
  14. Cox, Donald, 1987. "Motives for Private Income Transfers," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 95(3), pages 508-46, June.
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  16. André Masson & Luc Arrondel, 1991. "Que nous enseignent les enquêtes sur les transferts patrimoniaux en France ?," Économie et Prévision, Programme National Persée, vol. 100(4), pages 93-128.
  17. Donald Cox & Oded Stark, 1996. "Intergenerational Transfers and the Demonstration Effect," Boston College Working Papers in Economics 329., Boston College Department of Economics.
  18. Quisumbing, Agnes R., 1997. "Better rich, or better there?," FCND discussion papers 23, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).
  19. Lagerlof, Nils-Petter, 1997. "Endogenous fertility and the old-age security hypothesis: A note," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 64(2), pages 279-286, May.
  20. Ehrlich, Isaac & Lui, Francis T, 1991. "Intergenerational Trade, Longevity, and Economic Growth," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 99(5), pages 1029-59, October.
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Cited by:
  1. Jean-Louis Pan Ké Shon, 2006. "How Residents See Their Neighbourhoods: Between Well Off and Cut Off," Economie et Statistique, Institut National de la Statistique et des Etudes Economiques, vol. 386, pages 3-35, March.
  2. Jellal, Mohamed & wolff, François charles, 2005. "Dynamique des transferts intergénérationnels et effet de démonstration
    [Dynamics of Intergenerational Transfers and the Demonstration Effect]
    ," MPRA Paper 38419, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  3. Claudine Attias-Donfut & François-Charles Wolff & Philippe Tessier, 2006. "Intergenerational Transfers by Elderly Migrants," Economie et Statistique, Institut National de la Statistique et des Etudes Economiques, vol. 390, pages 3-23, July.
  4. Jellal, Mohamed & wolff, François charles, 2003. "Solidarités familiales par la démonstration
    [Familial solidariies and the demonstration effect]
    ," MPRA Paper 38438, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  5. François-Charles Wolff & Mohamed Jellal, 2002. "Aides aux parents âgés et allocation intra-familiale," Revue Économique, Programme National Persée, vol. 53(4), pages 863-885.

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