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The choice for multilateralism: Foreign aid and American foreign policy

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  • Helen Milner

    ()

  • Dustin Tingley

    ()

Abstract

Why do governments choose multilateralism? We examine a principal-agent model in which states trade some control over the policy for greater burden sharing. The theory generates observable hypotheses regarding the reasons for and the patterns of support and opposition to multilateralism. To focus our study, we analyze support for bilateral and multilateral foreign aid giving in the US. Using new survey data, we provide evidence about the correlates of public and elite support for multilateral engagement. We find weak support for multilateralism and deep partisan divisions. Reflecting elite discourse, public opinion divides over two competing rationales—burden sharing and control—when faced with the choice between multilateral and bilateral aid channels. As domestic groups’ preferences over aid policy diverge from those of the multilateral institution, maintaining control over aid policy becomes more salient and support for multilateralism falls. Copyright Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013

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File URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10.1007/s11558-012-9153-x
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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Springer in its journal The Review of International Organizations.

Volume (Year): 8 (2013)
Issue (Month): 3 (September)
Pages: 313-341

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Handle: RePEc:spr:revint:v:8:y:2013:i:3:p:313-341

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Web page: http://www.springer.com/business/sociology/journal/11558

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Related research

Keywords: International institutions; Multilateralism; Domestic politics; Public opinion; Foreign aid; F35; F55; F59;

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References

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  1. Ilyana Kuziemko & Eric Werker, 2006. "How Much Is a Seat on the Security Council Worth? Foreign Aid and Bribery at the United Nations," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 114(5), pages 905-930, October.
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Cited by:
  1. Axel Dreher & Jan-Egbert Sturm & Raymond Vreeland, 2013. "Politics and IMF Conditionality," KOF Working papers 13-338, KOF Swiss Economic Institute, ETH Zurich.

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