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The Effect of 21st Century Military Service on Civilian Labor and Educational Outcomes

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  • P. Routon

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    Abstract

    I estimate the effect of military service during the Afghanistan and Iraq wars on civilian labor and educational outcomes using several empirical methodologies including sibling fixed effects and propensity score matching. Since military occupations and training have changed significantly in the past few decades, these effects may be different than those found in previous studies on veterans of earlier theaters. I find that veteran status increases civilian wages by approximately ten percent for minorities but has little or no effect on whites in this regard. Veterans of all demographic groups are found to be equally employable and equally as satisfied with their civilian occupation as non-veterans. For females and minorities, veteran status substantially increases the likelihood one attempts college. These veterans are found to be more apt to pursue and obtain a two year (associate’s) degree instead of a four year (bachelor’s) degree. Lastly, I find mixed evidence that veteran status increases the likelihood of public sector employment. Copyright Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Springer in its journal Journal of Labor Research.

    Volume (Year): 35 (2014)
    Issue (Month): 1 (March)
    Pages: 15-38

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    Handle: RePEc:spr:jlabre:v:35:y:2014:i:1:p:15-38

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    Web page: http://www.springer.com/economics/journal/12122

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    Related research

    Keywords: Military service; Veterans; All-volunteer force; Labor outcomes; College outcomes; Operation enduring freedom; Operation Iraqi freedom; NLSY97; I29; J24; J31; J49;

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    1. Mark C. Berger & Barry T. Hirsch, 1983. "The Civilian Earnings Experience of Vietnam - Era Veterans," Journal of Human Resources, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 18(4), pages 455-479.
    2. De Tray, Dennis, 1982. "Veteran Status as a Screening Device," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 72(1), pages 133-42, March.
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    15. John Eric Fredland & Roger D. Little, 1980. "Long-Term Returns to Vocational Training: Evidence from Military Sources," Journal of Human Resources, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 15(1), pages 49-66.
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