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Emisiones territoriales y fuga de emisiones. Análisis del caso español

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  • Iñaki Arto

    ()
    (Comisión Europea. Centro Común de Investigación (JRC). Instituto de Prospectiva Tecnológica (IPTS).)

  • Jordi Roca

    ()
    (Departamento de Teoría Económica, Universidad de Barcelona)

  • Mònica Serrano

    ()
    (Departamento de Teoría Económica, Universidad de Barcelona)

Abstract

Habitualmente las estadísticas oficiales consideran exclusivamente las emisiones que un país produce en el interior de su territorio. Este enfoque, conocido como “responsabilidad del productor”, no tiene en cuenta el papel del comercio internacional. Esta limitación ha dado lugar a una perspectiva diferente para asignar las emisiones por países. Según el enfoque de la “responsabilidad del consumidor” un país es responsable de todas las emisiones asociadas a su demanda interior, independientemente de dónde se hayan producido. Este artículo estima, mediante la metodología input-output, las emisiones de gases de efecto invernadero asociadas al comercio exterior de España y analiza las emisiones desde el enfoque del consumidor para el periodo 1995-2007. Metodológicamente se presenta una novedad importante: la aplicación del supuesto de la tecnología doméstica a nivel físico. La conclusión, con importantes implicaciones políticas, es que la demanda interna de España genera mayores emisiones de lo que reflejan los inventarios oficiales. Además, el desequilibrio entre las emisiones “contenidas” en las importaciones y las asociadas a las exportaciones fue creciente durante el período considerado, especialmente debido al comercio con los países no incluidos en el Anexo B del Protocolo de Kioto.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Red Iberoamericana de Economía Ecológica in its journal Revista Iberoamericana de Economía Ecológica.

Volume (Year): 18 (2012)
Issue (Month): (Abril)
Pages: 73-87

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Handle: RePEc:rib:revibe:rev18_05

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Keywords: Input-output; Emisiones gases efecto invernadero; Comercio internacional; Responsabilidad del consumidor; España.;

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Cited by:
  1. Arto, Iñaki & Roca, Jordi & Serrano, Mònica, 2014. "Measuring emissions avoided by international trade: Accounting for price differences," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 97(C), pages 93-100.

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