An Empirical Examination of the Pollution Haven Hypothesis for India: Towards a Green Leontief Paradox?
AbstractUsing input–output analysis, we examine whether India can be regarded as a pollution haven. We calculate the extra CO 2, SO 2 and NO x emissions induced by 1 billion rupees of additional exports. This is compared with the reduction of Indian pollution caused by an import increase of equal size. In contrast to what the pollution haven hypothesis states for developing countries, we find that India considerably gains from extra trade. Comparing 1996/1997 with 1991/1992, the gains have only increased, indicating that India has moved␣further away from being a pollution haven. The outcome is robust to changes in the underlying assumptions. Copyright Springer Science+Business Media, Inc. 2007
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Bibliographic InfoArticle provided by European Association of Environmental and Resource Economists in its journal Environmental and Resource Economics.
Volume (Year): 36 (2007)
Issue (Month): 4 (April)
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Web page: http://www.springerlink.com/link.asp?id=100263
international trade; environment; pollution haven; input–output analysis; F18; Q32; D57;
Find related papers by JEL classification:
- F18 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Trade and Environment
- Q32 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Nonrenewable Resources and Conservation - - - Exhaustible Resources and Economic Development
- D57 - Microeconomics - - General Equilibrium and Disequilibrium - - - Input-Output Tables and Analysis
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