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Les équations hédoniques de salaire et la perception subjective des conditions de travail

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  • Juan A. Cañada Vicinay
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    Abstract

    [fre] Les équations de salaire et la perception subjective des conditions de travail : . approche en coupe instantanée sur données françaises . par Juan A. Canada Vicinay . En partant des mauvais résultats des estimations en coupe instantanée des équations hédoniques de salaires, cet article distingue, d'une part, les caractéristiques des emplois selon la manière objective ou subjective dont elles sont perçues par les travailleurs qui les supportent, et d'autre part, introduit les segmentations du marché qui limitent la capacité de la mobilité à régler la compensation des différences. La modélisation de ces deux aspects permet de formuler et de corriger les biais de subjectivité et d'appariement. Le premier considère l'état d'esprit des travailleurs (plus on a un sentiment défavorable envers le travail moins on le supporte et plus on accorde de l'importance aux facteurs gênants et aux aspects insalubres du poste). Le second prend en compte les travailleurs défavorisés, qui supportent en permanence des pénibilités non-compensées par le salaire. [eng] Wage Equations and Subjective Perceptions of Working Conditions: . a Cross-Sectional Approach Using French Data . by Jaun A. Canada Vicinay . With the poor results of cross-sectional estimates of hedonic wage equations in mind, this paper develops a two-way model. It distinguishes job characteristics according to workers' objective and subjective perceptions of their working conditions and then introduces the market segmentation that limits the possibilities for the differences to be compensated through mobility. By modelling these two aspects, we can formulate and correct the biases arising from subjectivity and mismatches. The first bias stems from the workers' state of mind. Indeed, the more one dislikes one's job, the more one finds its disagreeable and unhealthy aspects oppressive and difficult to bear. The second bias stems from workers being segregated into jobs where harsh working conditions are not compensated for by higher pay. The new findings are in full agreement with the theoretical proposals put forward.

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    File URL: http://dx.doi.org/doi:10.3406/ecop.1997.5891
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    File URL: http://www.persee.fr/articleAsPDF/ecop_0249-4744_1997_num_131_5_5891/ecop_0249-4744_1997_num_131_5_5891.pdf?mode=light
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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Programme National Persée in its journal Économie & prévision.

    Volume (Year): 131 (1997)
    Issue (Month): 5 ()
    Pages: 155-174

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    Handle: RePEc:prs:ecoprv:ecop_0249-4744_1997_num_131_5_5891

    Note: DOI:10.3406/ecop.1997.5891
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    Web page: http://www.persee.fr/web/revues/home/prescript/revue/ecop

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    1. McNabb, Robert, 1989. "Compensating Wage Differentials: Some Evidence for Britain," Oxford Economic Papers, Oxford University Press, vol. 41(2), pages 327-38, April.
    2. Brown, Charles, 1980. "Equalizing Differences in the Labor Market," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, MIT Press, vol. 94(1), pages 113-34, February.
    3. Lancaster, Tony, 1985. "Simultaneous equations models in applied search theory," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 28(1), pages 113-126, April.
    4. Jacob Mincer, 1986. "Wage Changes in Job Changes," NBER Working Papers 1907, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    5. Heckman, James J, 1979. "Sample Selection Bias as a Specification Error," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 47(1), pages 153-61, January.
    6. Hamermesh, Daniel S & Wolfe, John R, 1990. "Compensating Wage Differentials and the Duration of Wage Loss," Journal of Labor Economics, University of Chicago Press, vol. 8(1), pages S175-97, January.
    7. Griliches, Zvi, 1974. "Errors in Variables and Other Unobservables," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 42(6), pages 971-98, November.
    8. Griliches, Zvi, 1977. "Estimating the Returns to Schooling: Some Econometric Problems," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 45(1), pages 1-22, January.
    9. Newey, Whitney K., 1984. "A method of moments interpretation of sequential estimators," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 14(2-3), pages 201-206.
    10. Lucas, Robert E B, 1977. "Hedonic Wage Equations and Psychic Wages in the Returns to Schooling," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 67(4), pages 549-58, September.
    11. Lippman, Steven A & McCall, John J, 1976. "The Economics of Job Search: A Survey," Economic Inquiry, Western Economic Association International, vol. 14(3), pages 347-68, September.
    12. Rosen, Sherwin, 1974. "Hedonic Prices and Implicit Markets: Product Differentiation in Pure Competition," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 82(1), pages 34-55, Jan.-Feb..
    13. Zvi Griliches, 1988. "Hedonic Price Indexes and the Measurement of Capital and Productivity: Some Historical Reflections," NBER Working Papers 2634, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    14. Lippman, Steven A & McCall, John J, 1976. "The Economics of Job Search: A Survey: Part I," Economic Inquiry, Western Economic Association International, vol. 14(2), pages 155-89, June.
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