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Does local access to employment services reduce unemployment? A GIS analysis of One-Stop Career Centers

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  • Pascale Joassart-Marcelli

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  • Alberto Giordano

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    Abstract

    The paper uses Geographic Information System to investigate (1) the location of One-Stop Career Centers in Southern California, (2) their level of accessibility to unemployed workers of various demographic groups, (3) their proximity to employment opportunities, and (4) the effect of these spatial relations on Census tract unemployment. We build on the non-profit literature on accessibility to social service providers and on spatial mismatch research that emphasizes the gap between places of work and residence. We argue that One-Stops can play an important role in bridging this gap. We find that One-Stops are well positioned to serve the unemployed, although accessibility varies by race/ethnicity, age, and location. Access to One-Stops reduces local unemployment, particularly in neighborhoods with limited employment opportunities. This effect is larger for groups who experience limited mobility due to gender or race, such as black and female job seekers. Copyright Springer Science+Business Media, LLP 2006

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    File URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10.1007/s11077-006-9028-1
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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Springer in its journal Policy Sciences.

    Volume (Year): 39 (2006)
    Issue (Month): 4 (December)
    Pages: 335-359

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    Handle: RePEc:kap:policy:v:39:y:2006:i:4:p:335-359

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    Web page: http://www.springerlink.com/link.asp?id=102982

    Related research

    Keywords: Unemployment; One-Stop; Service provider; Accessibility; Mobility; Spatial mismatch; GIS;

    References

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    1. Stoll, Michael A., 1999. "Spatial Job Search, Spatial Mismatch, and the Employment and Wages of Racial and Ethnic Groups in Los Angeles," Journal of Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 46(1), pages 129-155, July.
    2. Raphael, Steven & Stoll, Michael, 2001. "Can Boosting Minority Car-Ownership Rates Narrow Inter-Racial Employment Gaps?," Berkeley Program on Housing and Urban Policy, Working Paper Series, Berkeley Program on Housing and Urban Policy qt4k4519pw, Berkeley Program on Housing and Urban Policy.
    3. Demetra Smith Nightingale & Carolyn Taylor O'Brien & Michael Egner & Nancy Pindus & John Trutko, 2003. "Welfare-to-Work Grants Programs: Adjusting to Changing Circumstances," Mathematica Policy Research Reports, Mathematica Policy Research 3853, Mathematica Policy Research.
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    Cited by:
    1. Suárez Cano, Patricia & Mayor Fernández, Matías & Cueto Iglesias, Begoña, 2011. "How important is access to employment offices in Spain? An urban and non-urban perspective," Investigaciones Regionales, Asociación Española de Ciencia Regional, Asociación Española de Ciencia Regional, issue 21, pages 119-140.
    2. Brass, Jennifer N., 2012. "Why Do NGOs Go Where They Go? Evidence from Kenya," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 40(2), pages 387-401.

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