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Mixed Route Strategies for the Risk-Averse Shipment of Hazardous Materials


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  • Michael Bell


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    Previous work on the risk-averse routing of hazardous materials has focussed on ways of finding the safest route between a pair of points. For repeated shipments where the arc incident probabilities are unknown, it is shown that the safest strategy is in general to use a mix of routes. Starting with a simple two-route example, it is shown that exposure can be significantly reduced by sharing shipments between routes. In order to determine the safest set of routes and the safest share of traffic between these routes, a minmax problem is formulated. The properties of the optimality conditions are explored. A simple solution heuristic based on a shortest path algorithm and the method of successive averages is proposed. Connections to game theory provide useful insights into the nature of the solution. Copyright Springer Science + Business Media, LLC 2006

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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Springer in its journal Networks and Spatial Economics.

    Volume (Year): 6 (2006)
    Issue (Month): 3 (September)
    Pages: 253-265

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    Handle: RePEc:kap:netspa:v:6:y:2006:i:3:p:253-265

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    Keywords: Network reliability; Hazmats; Uncertainty;


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    Cited by:
    1. N. Norouzi & R. Tavakkoli-Moghaddam & M. Ghazanfari & M. Alinaghian & A. Salamatbakhsh, 2012. "A New Multi-objective Competitive Open Vehicle Routing Problem Solved by Particle Swarm Optimization," Networks and Spatial Economics, Springer, vol. 12(4), pages 609-633, December.
    2. Paul Berglund & Changhyun Kwon, 2014. "Robust Facility Location Problem for Hazardous Waste Transportation," Networks and Spatial Economics, Springer, vol. 14(1), pages 91-116, March.
    3. Reniers, G.L.L. & Dullaert, W., 2013. "A method to assess multi-modal Hazmat transport security vulnerabilities: Hazmat transport SVA," Transport Policy, Elsevier, vol. 28(C), pages 103-113.


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