HIV, Risky Behavior and Ethno-linguistic Heterogeneity
AbstractEthno-linguistic heterogeneity is associated with indicators of development like civil society, trust, quality of institutions, economic performance and participation. Recently, it has been found to be favorable for optimizing agents who want to engage in risky sexual behavior as they can select partners outside their own network and that of their spouse. This paper augments the literature by arguing that the effect of ethno-linguistic heterogeneity on risky sexual behavior is gender related. In contexts where women have more economic benefits (or losses) from sexual partners, they better internalize the cost of detection. This study shows that, with respect to men, ethno-linguistic heterogeneity significantly affects women’s HIV status and their risky sexual behavior. Accordingly, it also affects positively the probability of being in a discordant couple where the wife is HIV positive.
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Bibliographic InfoArticle provided by Justus-Liebig University Giessen, Department of Statistics and Economics in its journal Journal of Economics and Statistics.
Volume (Year): 232 (2012)
Issue (Month): 6 (November)
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Other versions of this item:
- Miron Tequame, 2010. "HIV, Risky Behavior and Ethno-Linguistic Heterogeneity," Working Papers 1004, University of Namur, Department of Economics.
- I18 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Health - - - Government Policy; Regulation; Public Health
- J14 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Economics of the Elderly; Economics of the Handicapped; Non-Labor Market Discrimination
- O12 - Economic Development, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Microeconomic Analyses of Economic Development
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- Z13 - Other Special Topics - - Cultural Economics - - - Economic Sociology; Economic Anthropology; Social and Economic Stratification
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