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On the Theory of Ethnic Conflict

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  • Caselli, Francesco
  • Coleman II, Wilbur John

Abstract

We present a theory of ethnic conflict in which coalitions formed along ethnic lines compete for the economy's resources. The role of ethnicity is to enforce coalition membership: in ethnically homogeneous societies members of the losing coalition can defect to the winners at low cost, and this rules out conflict as an equilibrium outcome. We derive a number of implications of the model relating social, political, and economic indicators such as the incidence of conflict, the distance among ethnic groups, group sizes, income inequality, and expropriable resources.

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Paper provided by C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers in its series CEPR Discussion Papers with number 5622.

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Date of creation: Apr 2006
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Handle: RePEc:cpr:ceprdp:5622

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Keywords: ethnic distance; exploitation;

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