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Benefits and Costs of Biologically Contained Genetically Modified Tomatoes and Eggplants in Italy and Spain

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Author Info

  • Rolf A. Groeneveld

    ()
    (Wageningen University, Environmental Economics and Natural Resources Group, Hollandseweg 1, Wageningen 6706 KN, The Netherlands)

  • Erik Ansink

    ()
    (VU University Amsterdam, Institute for Environmental Studies, De Boelelaan 1087, Amsterdam 1081 HV, The Netherlands)

  • Clemens C.M. Van de Wiel

    ()
    (WUR Plant Breeding, Droevendaalsesteeg 1, Wageningen 6708 PB, The Netherlands)

  • Justus Wesseler

    ()
    (Chair Group Agricultural and Food Economics, Center of Life and Food Sciences Weihenstephan, Technische Universität München, Weihenstephaner Steig 22, Freising 85354, Germany)

Abstract

In this paper we assess the benefits and costs of introducing biologically contained genetically modified (GM) crops, with an application to the potential introduction of GM tomatoes and eggplants in Italy and Spain. Such crops possess both the standard beneficial GM traits, and they prevent introgression of transgenes from GM crops to their conventional or wild relatives, thereby adding to the safety of their cultivation. As a result, coexistence regulations for these crops are less stringent than for crops without biological containment. The potential adoption of biologically contained GM tomatoes and eggplants is assessed in a cost-benefit framework for Italy and Spain. We conclude that biological containment has considerable potential benefits if policy makers are willing to loosen the restrictions on the introduction of these varieties.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by MDPI, Open Access Journal in its journal Sustainability.

Volume (Year): 3 (2011)
Issue (Month): 8 (August)
Pages: 1265-1281

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Handle: RePEc:gam:jsusta:v:3:y:2011:i:8:p:1265-1281:d:13651

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Related research

Keywords: tomato; eggplant; genetic modification; coexistence; biological containment; economics;

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References

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  1. Krishna, Vijesh V. & Qaim, Matin, 2007. "Potential Impacts of Bt Eggplant on Economic Surplus and Farmers’ Health in India," 2007 Annual Meeting, July 29-August 1, 2007, Portland, Oregon TN 9909, American Agricultural Economics Association (New Name 2008: Agricultural and Applied Economics Association).
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  6. Skevas, Theodoros & Wesseler, Justus & Fevereiro, Pedro, 2009. "Coping with ex-ante regulations for planting Bt maize: the Portuguese experience," MPRA Paper 25609, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  7. GianCarlo Moschini, 2008. "Biotechnology and the development of food markets: retrospect and prospects," European Review of Agricultural Economics, Foundation for the European Review of Agricultural Economics, vol. 35(3), pages 331-355, September.
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  9. Skevas, Theodoros & Fevereiro, Pedro & Wesseler, Justus, 2010. "Coexistence regulations and agriculture production: A case study of five Bt maize producers in Portugal," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 69(12), pages 2402-2408, October.
  10. Demont, Matty & Daems, Wim & Dillen, Koen & Mathijs, Erik & Sausse, Christophe & Tollens, Eric, 2008. "Regulating coexistence in Europe: Beware of the domino-effect!," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 64(4), pages 683-689, February.
  11. Desquilbet, Marion & Bullock, David S., 2010. "On the proportionality of EU spatial ex ante coexistence regulations: A comment," Food Policy, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 35(1), pages 87-90, February.
  12. Hayenga, Marvin L. & Thompson, Leland C. & Chase, Craig A. & Kaaria, Susan, 1992. "Economic and Environmental Implications of Herbicide-Tolerant Corn and Processing Tomatoes," Staff General Research Papers 11314, Iowa State University, Department of Economics.
  13. Demont, Matty & Dillen, Koen & Daems, Wim & Sausse, Christophe & Tollens, Eric & Mathijs, Erik, 2009. "On the proportionality of EU spatial ex ante coexistence regulations," Food Policy, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 34(6), pages 508-518, December.
  14. Beckmann, Volker & Wesseler, Justus, 2005. "Spatial Dimension Of Externalities And The Coase Theorem: Implications For Co-Existence Of Transgenic Crops," 2005 Annual meeting, July 24-27, Providence, RI 19534, American Agricultural Economics Association (New Name 2008: Agricultural and Applied Economics Association).
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