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Commonality under market stress: Evidence from an order-driven market

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  • Brockman, Paul
  • Chung, Dennis Y.
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    Abstract

    Recent evidence shows that commonality in liquidity decreases at the aggregate level in a quote-driven specialist market during periods of market stress. Specialists and dealers in quote-driven markets have an affirmative obligation to provide liquidity, even if prices are falling precipitously. The purpose of our study is to investigate commonality in liquidity in a market structure without any affirmative obligation to provide liquidity (i.e., in an order-driven market). We collect intra-day data from one of the world's largest and most active order-driven markets, the Stock Exchange of Hong Kong (SEHK), and find that commonality increases during periods of market stress. We also show that larger firms tend to be more susceptible to changes in commonality than smaller firms. We hypothesize that order-driven markets behave differently from quote-driven markets under stress because order-driven market makers have a free exit option.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Elsevier in its journal International Review of Economics & Finance.

    Volume (Year): 17 (2008)
    Issue (Month): 2 ()
    Pages: 179-196

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    Handle: RePEc:eee:reveco:v:17:y:2008:i:2:p:179-196

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    Web page: http://www.elsevier.com/locate/inca/620165

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    References

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    1. Easley, David, et al, 1996. " Liquidity, Information, and Infrequently Traded Stocks," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 51(4), pages 1405-36, September.
    2. Brown, Philip & Thomson, Nathanial & Walsh, David, 1999. "Characteristics of the order flow through an electronic open limit order book," Journal of International Financial Markets, Institutions and Money, Elsevier, vol. 9(4), pages 335-357, November.
    3. Ahn, Hee-Joon & Cheung, Yan-Leung, 1999. "The intraday patterns of the spread and depth in a market without market makers: The Stock Exchange of Hong Kong," Pacific-Basin Finance Journal, Elsevier, vol. 7(5), pages 539-556, December.
    4. Paul Brockman & Dennis Y. Chung, 2002. "Commonality in Liquidity: Evidence from an Order-Driven Market Structure," Journal of Financial Research, Southern Finance Association & Southwestern Finance Association, vol. 25(4), pages 521-539.
    5. Chordia, Tarun & Roll, Richard & Subrahmanyam, Avanidhar, 2000. "Commonality in liquidity," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 56(1), pages 3-28, April.
    6. Tarun Chordia, 2005. "An Empirical Analysis of Stock and Bond Market Liquidity," Review of Financial Studies, Society for Financial Studies, vol. 18(1), pages 85-129.
    7. Hee-Joon Ahn, 2001. "Limit Orders, Depth, and Volatility: Evidence from the Stock Exchange of Hong Kong," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 56(2), pages 767-788, 04.
    8. Chan, Yue-Cheong, 2000. "The price impact of trading on the stock exchange of Hong Kong," Journal of Financial Markets, Elsevier, vol. 3(1), pages 1-16, February.
    9. Brockman, Paul & Chung, Dennis Y., 1998. "Inter- and intra-day liquidity patterns on the Stock Exchange of Hong Kong," Journal of International Financial Markets, Institutions and Money, Elsevier, vol. 8(3-4), pages 277-298, December.
    10. Huberman, Gur & Halka, Dominika, 2001. "Systematic Liquidity," Journal of Financial Research, Southern Finance Association & Southwestern Finance Association, vol. 24(2), pages 161-78, Summer.
    11. Brockman, Paul & Chung, Dennis Y., 1999. "An analysis of depth behavior in an electronic, order-driven environment," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 23(12), pages 1861-1886, December.
    12. Coughenour, Jay F. & Saad, Mohsen M., 2004. "Common market makers and commonality in liquidity," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 73(1), pages 37-69, July.
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    Cited by:
    1. Márquez, Elena & Nieto, Belén & Rubio, Gonzalo, 2014. "Stock returns with consumption and illiquidity risks," International Review of Economics & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 29(C), pages 57-74.
    2. Mayordomo, Sergio & Rodriguez-Moreno, Maria & Peña, Juan Ignacio, 2014. "Liquidity commonalities in the corporate CDS market around the 2007–2012 financial crisis," International Review of Economics & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 31(C), pages 171-192.
    3. john cotter & kevin dowd, 2011. "Intra-Day Seasonality in Foreign Exchange Market Transactions," Papers 1103.5664, arXiv.org.

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