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Academic engagement and commercialisation: A review of the literature on university–industry relations

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Author Info

  • Perkmann, Markus
  • Tartari, Valentina
  • McKelvey, Maureen
  • Autio, Erkko
  • Broström, Anders
  • D’Este, Pablo
  • Fini, Riccardo
  • Geuna, Aldo
  • Grimaldi, Rosa
  • Hughes, Alan
  • Krabel, Stefan
  • Kitson, Michael
  • Llerena, Patrick
  • Lissoni, Franceso
  • Salter, Ammon
  • Sobrero, Maurizio

Abstract

A considerable body of work highlights the relevance of collaborative research, contract research, consulting and informal relationships for university–industry knowledge transfer. We present a systematic review of research on academic scientists’ involvement in these activities to which we refer as ‘academic engagement’. Apart from extracting findings that are generalisable across studies, we ask how academic engagement differs from commercialisation, defined as intellectual property creation and academic entrepreneurship. We identify the individual, organisational and institutional antecedents and consequences of academic engagement, and then compare these findings with the antecedents and consequences of commercialisation. Apart from being more widely practiced, academic engagement is distinct from commercialisation in that it is closely aligned with traditional academic research activities, and pursued by academics to access resources supporting their research agendas. We conclude by identifying future research needs, opportunities for methodological improvement and policy interventions.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Elsevier in its journal Research Policy.

Volume (Year): 42 (2013)
Issue (Month): 2 ()
Pages: 423-442

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Handle: RePEc:eee:respol:v:42:y:2013:i:2:p:423-442

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Web page: http://www.elsevier.com/locate/respol

Related research

Keywords: University–industry relations; Technology transfer; Academic entrepreneurship; Commercialisation; Collaborative research; Academic consulting;

References

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Cited by:
  1. Hottenrott, Hanna & Lawson, Cornelia, 2013. "Fishing for Complementarities: Competitive Research Funding and Research Productivity," Department of Economics and Statistics Cognetti de Martiis LEI & BRICK - Laboratory of Economics of Innovation "Franco Momigliano", Bureau of Research in Innovation, Complexity and Knowledge, Collegio 201318, University of Turin.
  2. Albert Banal-Estañol & Ines Macho-Stadler & David Pérez-Castrillo, 2013. "Endogeneous Matching in University-Industry Collaboration: Theory and Empirical Evidence from the UK," CESifo Working Paper Series 4340, CESifo Group Munich.
  3. Banal-Estanol, A. & Jofre-Bonet, M. & Lawson, C., 2013. "The Double-Edged Sword of Industry Collaboration: Evidence from Engineering Academics in the UK," Working Papers 13/03, Department of Economics, City University London.
  4. Jörg Bühnemann & Bernd Neutschel, 2014. "Universitäre Transferstruktur im Wandel - OvGU als regionaler Impulsgeber," FEMM Working Papers 140001, Otto-von-Guericke University Magdeburg, Faculty of Economics and Management.
  5. Bodas Freitas , Isabel Maria & Geuna, Aldo & Lawson, Cornelia & Rossi, Federica, 2014. "How Industry Inventors Collaborate with Academic Researchers: The choice between shared and unilateral governance forms," Department of Economics and Statistics Cognetti de Martiis LEI & BRICK - Laboratory of Economics of Innovation "Franco Momigliano", Bureau of Research in Innovation, Complexity and Knowledge, Collegio 201401, University of Turin.
  6. Negin Salimi & Rudi Bekkers, 2014. "Does working with industry come at a price? A study of doctoral candidates’ performance in collaborative vs. non-collaborative PhD projects," Working Papers 14-09, Eindhoven Center for Innovation Studies, revised May 2014.
  7. Rasmussen, Einar & Mosey, Simon & Wright, Mike, 2014. "The influence of university departments on the evolution of entrepreneurial competencies in spin-off ventures," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 43(1), pages 92-106.
  8. Llopis,Oscar & D’Este,Pablo, 2014. "Connections Matter: How Personal Network Structure Influences Biomedical Scientists’ Engagement in Medical Innovation," INGENIO (CSIC-UPV) Working Paper Series 201402, INGENIO (CSIC-UPV), revised 07 Mar 2014.
  9. Olmos Peñuela,Julia & Benneworth,Paul & Castro-Martínez,Elena, 2014. "Explaining researchers’ readiness to incorporate external stimuli in their research agendas," INGENIO (CSIC-UPV) Working Paper Series 201408, INGENIO (CSIC-UPV).
  10. Kenney, Martin, 2013. "Commercialization or Engagement: Which Is of More Significance to the U.S. Economy ?," ETLA Working Papers 13, The Research Institute of the Finnish Economy.

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