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How are we doing on poverty and hunger reduction? A new measure of country performance

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  • Gentilini, Ugo
  • Webb, Patrick
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    Abstract

    The paper presents a new composite indicator - the poverty and hunger index (PHI) - to measure countries' performance toward achieving millennium development goal No.1 (MDG1) on halving poverty and hunger by 2015. Building on the statistical structure of the human development index, the PHI combines all five official MDG1 indicators, thereby generating insights on a country's net progress towards its own goal, as opposed to progress measured by a single yardstick. Nonparametric analysis on the PHI components provides further evidence on the nature of the relationship between poverty and hunger measures, while cross-country results show significant variance in progress between and within regions. An extension of the PHI allows for consideration of the rate of progress made by each country in its own terms; that is, based on where it needs to be to attain all 5 MDG1 targets by 2015. Countries needing priority attention are identified, as well as areas for future research and recommendations for post-2015 initiatives.

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    File URL: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/B6VCB-4SSP79G-1/2/429a543fe19fa064d4fa6eeb801a66ce
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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Elsevier in its journal Food Policy.

    Volume (Year): 33 (2008)
    Issue (Month): 6 (December)
    Pages: 521-532

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    Handle: RePEc:eee:jfpoli:v:33:y:2008:i:6:p:521-532

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    Web page: http://www.elsevier.com/locate/foodpol

    Related research

    Keywords: Millennium development goals Poverty Inequality Malnutrition Undernourishment Hunger;

    References

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    Cited by:
    1. Giannetti, B.F. & Almeida, C.M.V.B. & Bonilla, S.H., 2010. "Comparing emergy accounting with well-known sustainability metrics: The case of Southern Cone Common Market, Mercosur," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 38(7), pages 3518-3526, July.
    2. Ugo Gentilini & Andy Sumner, 2012. "Poverty Where People Live: What do National Poverty Lines Tell us about Global Poverty?," Working Papers 98, International Policy Centre for Inclusive Growth.
    3. Yu, Bingxin & You, Liangzhi & Fan, Shenggen, 2010. "Toward a typology of food security in developing countries:," IFPRI discussion papers 945, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).
    4. Morales-Opazo, Cristian & Barreiro-Hurle, Jesus, 2011. "Reconsiderando la metodología FAO sobre el cálculo del número de personas que pasan hambre en el mundo," Economia Agraria y Recursos Naturales, Spanish Association of Agricultural Economists, vol. 11(2).

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