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Markov equilibria in dynamic matching and bargaining games

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  • Gale, Douglas
  • Sabourian, Hamid

Abstract

Rubinstein and Wolinsky (1990) show that a simple homogeneous market with exogenous matching has continuum of (non-competitive) perfect equilibria, but the unique Markov perfect equilibrium is competitive. By contrast, in the more general case of heterogeneous markets, we show there exists a continuum of (non-competitive) Markov perfect equilibria. However, a refinement of the Markov property, which we call monotonicity, does suffice to guarantee perfectly competitive equilibria, if, and only if, it is monotonic. The monotonicity property is closely related to the concept of Nash equilibrium with complexity costs.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Elsevier in its journal Games and Economic Behavior.

Volume (Year): 54 (2006)
Issue (Month): 2 (February)
Pages: 336-352

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Handle: RePEc:eee:gamebe:v:54:y:2006:i:2:p:336-352

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Web page: http://www.elsevier.com/locate/inca/622836

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References

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  1. McLennan, Andrew & Sonnenschein, Hugo, 1991. "Sequential Bargaining as a Noncooperative Foundation for Walrasian Equilibrium," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 59(5), pages 1395-1424, September.
  2. Arial Rubinstein & Asher Wolinsky, 1985. "Equilibrium in a Market with Sequential Bargaining," Levine's Working Paper Archive 623, David K. Levine.
  3. Gale, Douglas M, 1986. "Bargaining and Competition Part I: Characterization," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 54(4), pages 785-806, July.
  4. Binmore, Ken G & Herrero, M J, 1988. "Matching and Bargaining in Dynamic Markets," Review of Economic Studies, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 55(1), pages 17-31, January.
  5. Gale, Douglas, 1987. "Limit theorems for markets with sequential bargaining," Journal of Economic Theory, Elsevier, vol. 43(1), pages 20-54, October.
  6. Rubinstein, Ariel, 1982. "Perfect Equilibrium in a Bargaining Model," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 50(1), pages 97-109, January.
  7. Arial Rubinstein & Asher Wolinsky, 1990. "Decentralized Trading, Strategic Behaviour and the Walrasian Outcome," Levine's Working Paper Archive 622, David K. Levine.
  8. Binmore, Ken G & Herrero, M J, 1988. "Security Equilibrium," Review of Economic Studies, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 55(1), pages 33-48, January.
  9. Gale, Douglas M, 1986. "Bargaining and Competition Part II: Existence," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 54(4), pages 807-18, July.
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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Gale, D. & Sabourian, H., 2003. "Complexity and Competition, Part I: Sequential Matching," Cambridge Working Papers in Economics 0345, Faculty of Economics, University of Cambridge.
  2. Konishi, Hideo & Sapozhnikov, Margarita, 2008. "Decentralized matching markets with endogenous salaries," Games and Economic Behavior, Elsevier, vol. 64(1), pages 193-218, September.
  3. Anwar Ahmed W & Sákovics József, 2007. "A Decentralized Market for a Perishable Good," The B.E. Journal of Theoretical Economics, De Gruyter, vol. 7(1), pages 1-25, February.
  4. Klaus Kultti, 2010. "Inefficiency caused by random matching and heterogeneity," Portuguese Economic Journal, Springer, vol. 9(1), pages 19-28, April.

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