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Local exposure to toxic releases: Examining the role of ethnic fractionalization and polarisation

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  • Cole, Matthew A.
  • Elliott, Robert J.R.
  • Khemmarat, Khemrutai

Abstract

This paper examines the role played by community characteristics in influencing local exposure to toxic releases, focusing specifically on ethnic fractionalization and polarisation. In contrast to the previous literature, this study argues that it is the fractionalization and/or polarisation of ethnic groups that is the relevant consideration, rather than the population share of ethnic minorities, since such ethnic divisions may significantly increase the difficulty of coordinating community action. Using toxic release data for the periods 1990 to 1995 and 2000 to 2005 we find that measures of ethnic divisions have a positive relationship with toxic releases. This finding persists across a range of robustness exercises.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Elsevier in its journal Ecological Economics.

Volume (Year): 93 (2013)
Issue (Month): C ()
Pages: 249-259

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Handle: RePEc:eee:ecolec:v:93:y:2013:i:c:p:249-259

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Web page: http://www.elsevier.com/locate/ecolecon

Related research

Keywords: Pollution; Ethnic divisions; Fractionalization; Polarisation; Community characteristics; Environmental justice;

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References

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