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Flexibility and dividends

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Author Info

  • Blau, Benjamin M.
  • Fuller, Kathleen P.

Abstract

We develop a model of corporate dividend policy based on the idea that management values operating flexibility. By reducing dividends and conserving cash, management increases its flexibility. This improves its ability to invest in projects that it believes are good for the shareholders in the long run but which shareholders would not provide the capital for because they think the projects are value reducing. However, the cost of not paying dividends is a reduction in the current stock price. Management trades off these two aspects of dividends. Flexibility considerations help us understand various dimensions of dividend policy that existing theories do not explain. Our theory generates numerous testable predictions that we confront with the data. The evidence is supportive of the model.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Elsevier in its journal Journal of Corporate Finance.

Volume (Year): 14 (2008)
Issue (Month): 2 (April)
Pages: 133-152

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Handle: RePEc:eee:corfin:v:14:y:2008:i:2:p:133-152

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Web page: http://www.elsevier.com/locate/jcorpfin

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References

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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Mónika Kuti, 2011. "Cash Flow at Risk, Financial Flexibility and Financing Constraint," Public Finance Quarterly, State Audit Office of Hungary, vol. 56(4), pages 505-517.
  2. Lee, Cheng-Few & Gupta, Manak C. & Chen, Hong-Yi & Lee, Alice C., 2011. "Optimal payout ratio under uncertainty and the flexibility hypothesis: Theory and empirical evidence," Journal of Corporate Finance, Elsevier, vol. 17(3), pages 483-501, June.
  3. Kallberg, Jarl & Liu, Crocker H. & Villupuram, Sriram, 2013. "Preferred stock: Some insights into capital structure," Journal of Corporate Finance, Elsevier, vol. 21(C), pages 77-86.
  4. Krieger, Kevin & Lee, Bong-Soo & Mauck, Nathan, 2013. "Do senior citizens prefer dividends? Local clienteles vs. firm characteristics," Journal of Corporate Finance, Elsevier, vol. 23(C), pages 150-165.
  5. Blau, Benjamin M. & Fuller, Kathleen P. & Van Ness, Robert A., 2011. "Short selling around dividend announcements and ex-dividend days," Journal of Corporate Finance, Elsevier, vol. 17(3), pages 628-639, June.
  6. Özgür Arslan-Ayaydin & Chris Florackis & Aydin Ozkan, 2014. "Financial flexibility, corporate investment and performance: evidence from financial crises," Review of Quantitative Finance and Accounting, Springer, vol. 42(2), pages 211-250, February.
  7. Fuller, Kathleen P. & Goldstein, Michael A., 2011. "Do dividends matter more in declining markets?," Journal of Corporate Finance, Elsevier, vol. 17(3), pages 457-473, June.
  8. Chen, Hong-Yi & Gupta, Manak C. & Lee, Alice C. & Lee, Cheng-Few, 2013. "Sustainable growth rate, optimal growth rate, and optimal payout ratio: A joint optimization approach," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 37(4), pages 1205-1222.

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