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Employment, Population and Regional Development in Western and Central Europe. Econometric Models and Challenges of EU Enlargement

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  • Guisan, M.C.
  • Aguayo, E.

Abstract

We analyse the relationships between employment, population and regional development in Europe with a cross section sample, for year 2000, of 151 regions belonging to the 25 countries of EU after Enlargement of year 2004. Regional disparities in EU are higher than in the US, while the rate of employment, wages and income per inhabitant are lower in Europe. We analyse the main factors which explain those differences and estimate an econometric model for Western and Central European regions which shows the positive effect of real value added on employment and population. Finally we suggest to foster economic policies focused to increase the rates of employment and income per inhabitant in EU countries and regions.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Euro-American Association of Economic Development in its journal Applied Econometrics and International Development.

Volume (Year): 4 (2004)
Issue (Month): 2 ()
Pages: 129-142

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Handle: RePEc:eaa:aeinde:v:4:y:2004:i:1_16

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  1. Fertig, Michael & Schmidt, Christoph M., 2002. "Mobility within Europe – What do we (still not) know?," IZA Discussion Papers 447, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  2. Aguayo, Eva & Guisan, Maria-Carmen, 2004. "Employment and Population in European Union: Econometric Models and Causality Tests," Economic Development 80, University of Santiago de Compostela. Faculty of Economics and Business. Econometrics..
  3. Fertig, Michael & Schmidt, Christoph M., 2000. "Aggregate-Level Migration Studies as a Tool for Forecasting Future Migration Streams," IZA Discussion Papers 183, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  4. Miguel León-Ledesma & Matloob Piracha, 2001. "International Migration and the Role of Remittances in Eastern Europe," Studies in Economics 0113, Department of Economics, University of Kent.
  5. Jan Fidrmuc, 2002. "Migration and Regional Adjustment and Asymmetric Shocks in Transition Economies," William Davidson Institute Working Papers Series 441, William Davidson Institute at the University of Michigan.
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Cited by:
  1. KORRES, George M. & CHIONIS, Dionysios P. & TSAMADIAS, Constantine, 2004. "Labour Productivity in the European Union and Comparison with the USA, 1979-2001," International Journal of Applied Econometrics and Quantitative Studies, Euro-American Association of Economic Development, vol. 1(4), pages 85-112.
  2. Elias Kourliouros & George Korres & Emmanuel Marmaras & George Tsobanoglou, 2006. "Economic Geography and Regional Growth: An Empirical Evidence From Greece," ERSA conference papers ersa06p30, European Regional Science Association.
  3. ANDRADE, Carlos & PINHO, Carlos & PINHO, Maria de Fátima, 2010. "Exploring Regional Convergence: Evidence From 19 European Countries, 1991-2008," Applied Econometrics and International Development, Euro-American Association of Economic Development, vol. 10(2).

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