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Interregionale Disparitäten und Entwicklung ländlicher Räume als regionalpolitische Herausforderung für die neuen EU-Mitgliedstaaten


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  • Baum, Sabine
  • Weingarten, Peter


Seit Beginn der Transformation haben in den Ländern Mittel- und Osteuropas (MOEL) die interregionalen Disparitäten zugenommen. Insbesondere die Stadt-Land-Gegensätze haben sich verstärkt. Dieser Beitrag zeigt die Entwicklung der Disparitäten auf und diskutiert auf der Basis theoretischer Überlegungen und politischer Ziele die Notwendigkeit und Ausgestaltung regionalpolitischer Maßnahmen. Bei der ländlichen Entwicklung in den neuen EU-Mitgliedstaaten kommt den Bereichen Institutionenaufbau, Wettbewerbsfähigkeit des Agrarsektors, außerlandwirtschaftliche Einkommensquellen und Arbeitsmobilität eine große Bedeutung zu. Diese Maßnahmen sollten den spezifischen Charakteristika der jeweiligen Gebiete angepasst sein. Die regionalpolitischen Bemühungen in diesen Ländern sind seit Ende der 1990er Jahre stark von der Vorbereitung auf den EU-Beitritt geprägt. Das SAPARD-Programm hat die institutionellen Mechanismen und den Kapazitätenaufbau gestärkt. Dennoch bleibt dieser Bereich eine wichtige Herausforderung. -- Since the beginning of transition, interregional disparities in the Central and Eastern European Countries (CEECs) have increased. Particularly, the differences between urban and rural areas have grown. This paper shows the development of these disparities and discusses, based on theoretical considerations and political objectives, the need for and the design of regional policy measures. For rural development in the new EU Member States, institution building, competitiveness of the agri-food sector, non-farm income sources and labour mobility are crucial. These measures should be adapted to the specific characteristics of the respective areas. Since the end of the 1990's, the efforts of regional policy in the CEECs have been highly influenced by the preparation for EU-accession. The SAPARD programme has strengthened institutional mechanisms and capacity building. Nevertheless, there remain important challenges in this field.

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Paper provided by Leibniz Institute of Agricultural Development in Central and Eastern Europe (IAMO) in its series IAMO Discussion Papers with number 61.

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Date of creation: 2004
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Handle: RePEc:zbw:iamodp:14899

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Keywords: Regionale Disparitäten; ländlicher Raum; Regionalpolitik; Strukturpolitik; Mittel- und Osteuropa; EU-Osterweiterung; Regionstypen; Regional disparities; rural area; regional policy; structural policy; Central and Eastern Europe; EU Eastern Enlargement; regional types;

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Cited by:
  1. Wegener, Stefan & Kiryluk, E., 2008. "Regional aspects of decision-making support for rural development in Poland," 2008 International Congress, August 26-29, 2008, Ghent, Belgium 43845, European Association of Agricultural Economists.
  2. Curtiss, Jarmila & Balmann, Alfons & Dautzenberg, Kirsti & Happe, Kathrin (ed.), 2006. "Agriculture in the face of changing markets, institutions and policies: Challenges and strategies," Studies on the Agricultural and Food Sector in Central and Eastern Europe, Leib­niz Institute of Agricultural Development in Central and Eastern Europe (IAMO), volume 33, number 93012.
  3. STANEF Mihaela Roberta, 2013. "Reducing Urban - Rural Economic Gaps. Case Study Romania;," Revista Economica, Lucian Blaga University of Sibiu, Faculty of Economic Sciences, vol. 65(1), pages 92-108.


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