Can the Theory of Motivation Explain Migration Decisions?
AbstractAccording to Abraham Maslow's motivational theory, human action is motivated by five groups of human needs. The model introduced in this paper exploits Maslow's theory to explain migration flows between regions. In the model, movement from one place to another influences migrant's utility through three various ways. First, through change in wage caused by different wage levels in each location. Second, through changes in utility connected with individuals safety needs and finally, through disarrangement of individual's social networks. When safety and social needs are added to the model, equilibria arise in which wage differential between regions persists.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by Charles University Prague, Faculty of Social Sciences, Institute of Economic Studies in its series Working Papers IES with number 97.
Length: 25 pages
Date of creation: 2005
Date of revision: 2005
agent-based modeling; decision making; migration; motivation; networks;
Find related papers by JEL classification:
- J61 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, and Vacancies - - - Geographic Labor Mobility; Immigrant Workers
- F22 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - International Migration
- I31 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare and Poverty - - - General Welfare
- O15 - Economic Development, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Economic Development: Human Resources; Human Development; Income Distribution; Migration
This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-ALL-2006-12-01 (All new papers)
- NEP-CBE-2006-12-01 (Cognitive & Behavioural Economics)
- NEP-CMP-2006-12-01 (Computational Economics)
- NEP-DEV-2006-12-01 (Development)
- NEP-SOC-2006-12-01 (Social Norms & Social Capital)
- NEP-UPT-2006-12-01 (Utility Models & Prospect Theory)
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