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Habitude, cognition et actions des dirigeants

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  • Martine Séville

    ()
    (Université de Lyon)

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    Abstract

    (VF)Nous montrons, à travers l’exemple des habitudes de deux dirigeants, comment le patrimoine des habitudes du dirigeant peut influencer ou bloquer son action, voire celle de l’organisation. Le patrimoine des habitudes est à la base d’intuitions et de la perspicacité du dirigeant et celui-ci est un agent à la fois créateur et transmetteur de routines organisa-tionnelles qu’il a incorporées au fil du temps dans son patrimoine d’habitudes. Le cadre conceptuel retenu, emprunté à Kaufmann (2001), permet ici de retenir une approche élargie des habitudes articulant processus cognitifs et habitudes et ne limitant pas les habitudes à un biais cognitif. (VA)Through the analysis of two case studies, we show how a manager’s habits can influence or in-hibit his or his organization’s action. Furthermore, we suggest that the accumulated capital of habits is at the origin of intuition and insight. It helps managers to create and transfer organizational routines to other organizations. We analyze the habits of two managers through a conceptual framework which draws its inspiration from Kaufmann (2001). This framework enables us to define the habits not only in terms of a cognitive bias but in a broad sense, to the extent that cognitive processes and habits are linked.

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    File URL: http://leg2.u-bourgogne.fr/rev/a112078.pdf
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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by revues.org in its journal Revue Finance Contrôle Stratégie.

    Volume (Year): 11 (2008)
    Issue (Month): 2 (June)
    Pages: 51-78

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    Handle: RePEc:dij:revfcs:v:11:y:2008:i:q2:p:51-78.

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    Related research

    Keywords: dirigeants; habitudes; action; intuition; routines organisationnelles; habits; managers; action; intuition; organizational routine.;

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    1. Hodgson, Geoffrey M., 2004. "Reclaiming habit for institutional economics," Journal of Economic Psychology, Elsevier, vol. 25(5), pages 651-660, October.
    2. Ajzen, Icek, 1991. "The theory of planned behavior," Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes, Elsevier, vol. 50(2), pages 179-211, December.
    3. Earl, P.E., 1990. "Economics And Psychology: A Survey," Papers 1990-04, Tasmania - Department of Economics.
    4. Lindbladh, Eva & Lyttkens, Carl Hampus, 2002. "Habit versus choice: the process of decision-making in health-related behaviour," Social Science & Medicine, Elsevier, vol. 55(3), pages 451-465, August.
    5. Hirshleifer, David, 2001. "Investor Psychology and Asset Pricing," MPRA Paper 5300, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    6. Teppo Felin & Nicolai J. Foss, 2004. "Organizational Routines A Sceptical Look," DRUID Working Papers 04-13, DRUID, Copenhagen Business School, Department of Industrial Economics and Strategy/Aalborg University, Department of Business Studies.
    7. Tversky, Amos & Kahneman, Daniel, 1986. "Rational Choice and the Framing of Decisions," The Journal of Business, University of Chicago Press, vol. 59(4), pages S251-78, October.
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