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Discriminación étnica e ingresos en la Isla de San Andrés, Colombia

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  • Javier Yabrudy

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    Abstract

    Resumen: A partir de un análisis de características observables, este documento busca determinar la posible existencia de una brecha en los ingresos entre la población raizal y no raizal en San Andrés Isla. Para ello, se utilizan los datos obtenidos de la encuesta SISBEN II del año 2004, elaborada porel Departamento Nacional de Planeación (DNP). La estrategia metodológica consiste en estimarregresiones por cuantiles, con el objeto de observar si existen diferencias en la remuneración alo largo de la distribución del ingreso. Los resultados sugieren que el ser raizal está asociado demanera negativa con los ingresos de aquellos que se encuentran en la parte baja de la distribución.Esta condición desaparece a medida que aumentan los ingresos, convirtiéndose en positiva en losniveles más altos de la distribución.Abstract: Etnic discrimination and income in San Andrés Island, Colombia:This document examines, bases on the analysis of observable characteristics, if an income gap exists between the raizal population and non raizal population of San Andres Island. For this purpose, the information of the SISBEN II survey for the year 2004, compelled by the National Planning Department (DNP, Spanish acronym) is used. The methodological strategy uses quantile regressions to determine the existence of pay gaps throughout the distribution of income. The results suggest that being raizal has a negative impact on income for the lower quantiles. However, this difference vanishes as income increases, becoming positive at higher levels.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by UNIVERSIDAD DEL ROSARIO in its journal REVISTA DE ECONOMÍA DEL ROSARIO.

    Volume (Year): (2011)
    Issue (Month): ()
    Pages:

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    Handle: RePEc:col:000151:009338

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    Related research

    Keywords: brecha salarial; desigualdad; regresión por cuantíl; raizal.wage gap; inequality; quantile regression; raizal.;

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    1. Joseph G. Altonji & Rebecca M. Blank, . "Race and Gender in the Labor Market," IPR working papers 98-18, Institute for Policy Resarch at Northwestern University.
    2. José Mata & José A. F. Machado, 2005. "Counterfactual decomposition of changes in wage distributions using quantile regression," Journal of Applied Econometrics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 20(4), pages 445-465.
    3. Koenker, Roger W & Bassett, Gilbert, Jr, 1978. "Regression Quantiles," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 46(1), pages 33-50, January.
    4. repec:fth:prinin:30a is not listed on IDEAS
    5. Phelps, Edmund S, 1972. "The Statistical Theory of Racism and Sexism," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 62(4), pages 659-61, September.
    6. Jaime Tenjo G & Rocío Ribero M. & Luisa Fernanda Bernat D., 2005. "Evolución De Las Diferencias Salariales Por Sexo En Seis Países De América Latina Un Intento De Interpretación," DOCUMENTOS CEDE 002656, UNIVERSIDAD DE LOS ANDES-CEDE.
    7. Becker, Gary S., 1971. "The Economics of Discrimination," University of Chicago Press Economics Books, University of Chicago Press, edition 1, number 9780226041162, March.
    8. Cain, Glen G., 1987. "The economic analysis of labor market discrimination: A survey," Handbook of Labor Economics, in: O. Ashenfelter & R. Layard (ed.), Handbook of Labor Economics, edition 1, volume 1, chapter 13, pages 693-781 Elsevier.
    9. Adolfo Meisel Roca, 2003. "La continentalización de la isla de San Andrés, Colombia: Panyas, raizales y turismo, 1953-2003," DOCUMENTOS DE TRABAJO SOBRE ECONOMÍA REGIONAL 002953, BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA - ECONOMÍA REGIONAL.
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