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Aktivierende Sozialhilfe 2006 - das Kombilohn-Modell des ifo Instituts

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  • Hans-Werner Sinn
  • Christian Holzner
  • Wolfgang Meister

    ()

  • Wolfgang Ochel
  • Martin Werding

Abstract

Am 26. Januar 2006 stellte das ifo Institut im Rahmen einer Bundespressekonferenz die aktualisierte Version des ifo Kombilohn-Modells "Aktivierende Sozialhilfe" vor, das eine Alternative zum heutigen Lohnersatzmodell bietet. Das ifo-Modell eröffnet bei verringerten fiskalischen Kosten langfristig bis zu 3,2 Millionen gering qualifizierten Arbeitslosen neue Beschäftigungschancen. Das bisherige System existentsicherender Sozialleistungen, aktuell das Arbeitslosengeld II, schafft ein anhaltendes Hindernis für mehr Beschäftigung gering Qualifizierter. Grund dafür sind die relativ hohen Leistungen an erwerbsfähige Personen, die weiterhin arbeitslos sind, und die hohen Transferentzugsraten, die die Aufnahme einer regulären Beschäftigung bestrafen. Das ifo-Modell eröffnet einen gangbaren und finanzierbaren Weg, dieses Hindernis durch eine Umstrukturierung der staatlichen Lohnersatzleistungen zu Kombilöhnen zu beseitigen. Es beendet das derzeitige Konkurrenzverhältnis zwischen Sozialstaat und privaten Arbeitgebern und ermöglicht eine sozialpolitisch akzeptable Anpassung der deutschen Lohnstruktur, insbesondere der Löhne für gering Qualifizierte, an die internationale Lohnkonkurrenz.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Ifo Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich in its journal ifo Schnelldienst.

Volume (Year): 59 (2006)
Issue (Month): 02 (01)
Pages: 06-27

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Handle: RePEc:ces:ifosdt:v:59:y:2006:i:02:p:06-27

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Keywords: Sozialhilfe; Arbeitslosigkeit; Langzeitarbeitslosigkeit; Niedriglohn; Ungelernte Arbeitskräfte; Mindestlohn; Lohnersatzleistungen; Sozialstaat; Deutschland;

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References

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