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Regional Labor Productivity In The Netherlands: Evidence Of Agglomeration And Congestion Effects

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  • Lourens Broersma
  • Jan Oosterhaven

Abstract

This paper studies the impact of localization, urbanization, and diversification on regional labor productivity levels and growth. We find substantial effects, accounting for roughly half of the explained variation in the labor productivity differences within the Netherlands in the 1990s. Diversification, urbanization, and localization effects are significant and positive for productivity levels. These levels appear cointegrated. The error correction specification of productivity growth surprisingly reflects negative agglomeration effects. From the theoretical model it follows that congestion effects must have taken precedence over agglomeration effects during this period. Both agglomeration and congestion effects are dampened by job density in neighboring regions. Finally, policy simulations with the estimated model show that spatial concentration is more harmful to national productivity growth than spatial dispersion. Copyright (c) 2009, Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Wiley Blackwell in its journal Journal of Regional Science.

Volume (Year): 49 (2009)
Issue (Month): 3 ()
Pages: 483-511

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Handle: RePEc:bla:jregsc:v:49:y:2009:i:3:p:483-511

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Web page: http://www.blackwellpublishing.com/journal.asp?ref=0022-4146

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Cited by:
  1. Hashiguchi, Yoshihiro & Chen, Kuang-hui, 2012. "Assessing agglomeration economies in the Yangzi River Delta, China : a bayesian spatial econometric approach," IDE Discussion Papers 339, Institute of Developing Economies, Japan External Trade Organization(JETRO).
  2. Wouter Jacobs & Hans R.A. Koster & Frank van Oort, 2012. "Co-agglomeration of Knowledge-Intensive Business Services and Multinational Enterprises," Papers in Evolutionary Economic Geography (PEEG) 1225, Utrecht University, Section of Economic Geography, revised Dec 2012.
  3. Rizov, Marian & Oskam, Arie & Walsh, Paul, 2012. "Is there a limit to agglomeration? Evidence from productivity of Dutch firms," Regional Science and Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 42(4), pages 595-606.
  4. Shihe Fu & Junjie Hong, 2011. "Testing Urbanization Economies In Manufacturing Industries: Urban Diversity Or Urban Size?," Journal of Regional Science, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 51(3), pages 585-603, 08.
  5. Hashiguchi, Yoshihiro & Tanaka, Kiyoyasu, 2013. "Agglomeration and firm-level productivity : a Bayesian spatial approach," IDE Discussion Papers 403, Institute of Developing Economies, Japan External Trade Organization(JETRO).
  6. Frank Van Oort, 2013. "Agglomeration Economics Beyond the Specialisation-Diversity Controversy," Papers in Evolutionary Economic Geography (PEEG) 1313, Utrecht University, Section of Economic Geography, revised Aug 2013.

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