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Regional development of employment in eastern Germany. An analysis with an econometric analogue to shift-share techniques

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  • Blien, Uwe

    ()

  • Wolf, Katja

    ()

Abstract

This paper examines the development of regional employment in eastern Germany. An approach introduced by Patterson and suggested by Möller/Tassinopoulos is extended for the analyses. This approach uses a generalisation of an econometric analogue of the common shift-share method, which is suggested here as a new "workhorse" for regional analyses. The results obtained with this "shift-share-regression" and with very differentiated data from the employment statistics of eastern Germany show that processes of deconcentration play a role in explaining regional disparities, since inverse localisation and positive urbanisation effects are visible. Such processes can be understood with approaches of "New Economic Geography" (based on Krugman et al.), whereas the general significance of industry-specific effects, which is also becoming clear, can be explained using approaches of structural change, following amongst others Appelbaum & Schettkat. In addition, positive impulses of the qualification structure on regional development are detectable, which can be understood by endogenous growth theory.

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Paper provided by European Regional Science Association in its series ERSA conference papers with number ersa02p263.

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Date of creation: Aug 2002
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Handle: RePEc:wiw:wiwrsa:ersa02p263

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References

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  1. D C Knudsen & R Barff, 1991. "Shift - share analysis as a linear model," Environment and Planning A, Pion Ltd, London, Pion Ltd, London, vol. 23(3), pages 421-431, March.
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Cited by:
  1. Kowalewski, Julia, 2012. "Inter-industrial relations and sectoral employment development in German regions," HWWI Research Papers, Hamburg Institute of International Economics (HWWI) 127, Hamburg Institute of International Economics (HWWI).
  2. Kowalewski, Julia, 2010. "Specialisation and employment development in Germany: Analysis at regional level," HWWI Research Papers, Hamburg Institute of International Economics (HWWI) 1-28, Hamburg Institute of International Economics (HWWI).
  3. Yuanhua Feng & Zhichao Guo & Christian Peitz, 2014. "A Tree-form Constant Market Share Model for Growth Causes in International Trade Based on Multi-level Classification," Journal of Industry, Competition and Trade, Springer, Springer, vol. 14(2), pages 207-228, June.
  4. Klinger, Sabine & Wolf, Katja, 2008. "What explains changes in full-time and part-time employment in Western Germany? : a new method on an old question," IAB Discussion Paper, Institut für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung (IAB), Nürnberg [Institute for Employment Research, Nuremberg, Germany] 200807, Institut für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung (IAB), Nürnberg [Institute for Employment Research, Nuremberg, Germany].
  5. Roberto Patuelli & Aura Reggiani & Peter Nijkamp & Uwe Blien, 2006. "New Neural Network Methods for Forecasting Regional Employment: An Analysis of German Labour Markets," Tinbergen Institute Discussion Papers, Tinbergen Institute 06-020/3, Tinbergen Institute.
  6. Oliver Holtemöller & Maike Irrek & Birgit Schultz, 2012. "A Federal Long-run Projection Model for Germany," IWH Discussion Papers, Halle Institute for Economic Research 11, Halle Institute for Economic Research.
  7. Suedekum, Jens & Blien, Uwe, 2004. "Wages and Employment Growth : Disaggregated Evidence for West Germany," HWWA Discussion Papers, Hamburg Institute of International Economics (HWWA) 275, Hamburg Institute of International Economics (HWWA).
  8. Ulrich Zierahn, 2011. "The importance of spatial autocorrelation for regional employment growth in Germany," ERSA conference papers, European Regional Science Association ersa10p205, European Regional Science Association.
  9. Edward Nissan & Shahdad Naghshpour, 2014. "Comparing U.S. regions for selected economic and financial variables," Journal of Economics and Finance, Springer, Springer, vol. 38(3), pages 528-540, July.
  10. Uwe Blien & Lutz Eigenhueller & Markus Promberger & Norbert Schanne, 2013. "The Shift-Share Regression: An Application to Regional Employ-ment Development," ERSA conference papers, European Regional Science Association ersa13p614, European Regional Science Association.
  11. Valente J. Matlaba & Mark Holmes & Philip McCann & Jacques Poot, 2012. "Classic and Spatial Shift-Share Analysis of State-Level Employment Change in Brazil," Working Papers in Economics, University of Waikato, Department of Economics 12/08, University of Waikato, Department of Economics.
  12. repec:pdn:wpaper:42 is not listed on IDEAS
  13. Lourens Broersma & Jan Oosterhaven, 2005. "Regional Labour Productivity in The Netherlands - Diversification and Agglomeration Economies," ERSA conference papers, European Regional Science Association ersa05p31, European Regional Science Association.
  14. Jens Suedekum & Uwe Blien & Johannes Ludsteck, 2006. "What has caused regional employment growth differences in Eastern Germany?," Jahrbuch für Regionalwissenschaft, Springer, Springer, vol. 26(1), pages 51-73, March.
  15. Rafael Boix & Joan Trullén, 2004. "Knowledge, networks of cities and growth in regional urban systems: theory, measurement and policy implications," ERSA conference papers, European Regional Science Association ersa04p85, European Regional Science Association.
  16. Julia Kowalewski, 2013. "Inter-industrial Relations and Sectoral Employment Development in German Regions," Journal of Economics and Statistics (Jahrbuecher fuer Nationaloekonomie und Statistik), Justus-Liebig University Giessen, Department of Statistics and Economics, Justus-Liebig University Giessen, Department of Statistics and Economics, vol. 233(4), pages 486-504, July.
  17. František Střeleček & Radek Zdeněk & Jana Lososová, 2010. "Development of Employment in Less Favoured Areas in 2002-2006," Politická ekonomie, University of Economics, Prague, University of Economics, Prague, vol. 2010(6), pages 761-773.

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